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Rainbow Table Explained

Rainbow Table Explained

Usually, PC systems need passwords that store passwords as a hash value of the user’s password. The system hashes the password while a PC user enters a password and compares it to the stored hash. Once the hashes match, you will get access. You can use a rainbow table of reversed hashes to crack password hashes. These generally use precomputed hashes to recover the pre-hashed password.

What is A Rainbow Table?

A rainbow table is a list containing all plaintext permutations of encrypted passwords specific to a particular hash algorithm. Password cracking software often uses these for network security attacks.

About Rainbow Table:

It partitions a function. A set of values is a function domain, whereas a set of keys is a codomain. These keys are derived from those values into chains so that every chain is a changing sequence of values and keys, followed by a final value.

In the chain, every item comes from an earlier item. Therefore, you can reproduce the chain from the first value algorithmically. A key derivation function generates a key from a preceding value, while a reduction function creates a value from a primary key. Every chain’s first & last value is precalculated and stored. It helps to make the chain a row in a virtual table. Hence, you can find every even-numbered field with a value. In addition, every odd-numbered field has the corresponding key. You can use it to find a secret value or password given its associated key.

You can assume an instance of a space-time tradeoff where you need less processing. However, a brute-force attack requires more processing. But it consumes more space than a brute-force attack uses to compute a key on each iteration. Therefore, using a key derivation employing a salt can make it infeasible to recover a secret value from a key.

Common uses:

  • Almost all Unix, Linux, and BSD variations use hashes with salts. But multiple applications use hash only with no salt. In this case, they usually use MD5.
  • The Microsoft Windows NT/2000 family uses the LAN Manager and NT LAN Manager hashing method. In this regard, you must know that it depends on MD4. Besides, it is unsalted, making its famous generated table.
  • As of 2020, salting has become more common. In addition, GPU-based brute force attacks have become more practical. Therefore, we see them decreasing usage. However, you can get them available for eight and nine-character NTLM passwords.

How Does the Rainbow Table Attack work?

It performs quick and effective cryptanalysis. This attack is not a brute-force attack that computes the hash function of every available string and calculates the hash value. After that, it compares it with the one on the PC. However, the rainbow attack removes the need by calculating hashes of the large set of available strings. Instead, you need to follow two significant steps:

Creating a Rainbow Table:

First, you need to take the hash of a string. Ensure you use the MD5 hash function on the first eight characters. After that, you can decrease it to make a new string reduced again, repeatedly. For instance, you can make a table of the most common password, 12345678.

Your first task is to take the string to pass it through the md5 hash function.

hashMD5(12345678) = 25d55ad283aa400af464c76d713c07ad

It can decrease the hash only by using the first eight characters. After that, you should rehash it.

hashMD5(25d55ad2) = 5c41c6b3958e798662d8853ece970f70

One chain begins from the first plain text and ends at the last hash. You must repeat it until you have sufficient hashes in the output chain. Once you get sufficient chains, you should store them on a table.

Cracking the Password:

First, you should begin using the hashed text. Hence, you need to check if it exists in the database. If so, you should head toward the start of the chain. After that, begin hashing until it matches with one. Once you obtain the match, the procedure ceases, and the authentication is cracked.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Rainbow Table Attack:

Advantages:

  • You can perform the hash function efficiently, unlike brute-forcing. Moreover, as you can find all values calculated already, it is possible to simplify an easy search-and-compare operation.
  • You don’t need to know the exact password. Once the hash is matched, it won’t depend on the string if it is not the password itself. It will be authenticated.

Disadvantages:

  • You need a vast storage amount to store them.
  • However, as all values are calculated, you can perform an easy search-and-compare operation.

Defense Against Attacks:

You can easily prevent the attacks using salt techniques. It is random data passed into the hash function with plain text.

Therefore, you can confirm that each password has a unique generated hash. You should know that it follows the principle of asking that more than one text can have a similar hash value, which is prevented.

Key stretching is another technique that helps to prevent pre-computation attacks. It allows the salt, password, and intermediate hash values to run through the hash function many times. Hence, it aims to boost the required computation time to hash every password.

You can follow key strengthening used to extend the key using a random salt. But it removes the salt, not like in key stretching. It forces legitimate users and hackers to perform a brute-force search for the salt value. As a result, you will not get any point in bypassing salting.

Why Are They Called Rainbow Tables?

The name might seem like an odd selection for a robust tool. However, while mapping out it and using different colors to illustrate the other reduction functions, you can see it making a rainbow-like appearance.

We experienced it in black-and-white on  Oechslin’s original research paper. But he selected different colors to represent different reduction functions in his research at a 2003 conference.

Rainbow Tables:

These exchange the single reduction function R with a sequence of the corresponding reduction functions R1 through Rk. Thus, these help to get rid of collisions with ordinary hash chains. Besides, these must offer similar value on a similar iteration. Otherwise, the two chains will not collide and merge. In addition, the final values are the same in the chain. With the help of a final postprocessing pass, it is possible to sort the chains. Thus, it can help you to get rid of any “duplicate” chains. These offer similar final values to other chains. After that, you can make new chains to fill out.

Hence, you should know that the chains aren’t free of collision. Therefore, these can overlap briefly. But these won’t merge. So, as a result, it can help you to decrease the overall number of collisions.

You can take the help of sequences of reduction functions to change the lookup. In this case, you need to create k different chains as the key of interest is available at any location in the chain. Hence, the first chain finds the key in the last key position. Then, it applies Rk. After that, the following chain thinks the hash value is in the second-to-last hash position. Then, it applies Rk−1, K, and Rk. It will continue until the last chain applies all reduction functions, alternating with K. Thus, it can create a false alarm. The wrong guess of the position of the hash value might evaluate a chain.

Algorithm:

These need to follow more chains. But these come with less number of tables to make up for it. The usual hash chain tables don’t get enough growth beyond a specific size. However, these can be inefficient for merging chains. That is why these balance several ones where every lookup must search through each. These can perform in a way that is k times larger. It enables them to perform a factor of k fewer lookups.

These use a refined algorithm with a different reduction function for every link in a chain. It prevents chains from merging during a key collision in two or more chains. These chains won’t merge if the collision doesn’t occur at a similar position in every chain. It boosts the chance of a proper crack for given table size. But it occurs at the value of squaring the number of steps needed per lookup. For example, the lookup routine might require iterating via the first reduction function index.

Conclusion:

A rainbow table is always specific to the key function for which function you can generate. For instance, MD5 can crack only MD5 hashes. Philippe Oechslin was the developer of the theory of this technique. Later, the implementation occurs in the Windows password cracker Ophcrack. After a while, scientists invented a more robust RainbowCrack program. It can make and used for different character sets and hashing algorithms, like LM hash, MD5, and SHA-1.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  • What is its purpose?

These mean reversed hashes tables that can crack password hashes.

  • How do hackers use these?

When hackers access a list of password hashes, they crack passwords quickly using it.

  • Does salting prevent these?

Salt can stop its use of it. But it cannot make this harder to attack a single password hash.

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What is Gstatic & What is Gstatic.com Used for?

What is Gstatic & What is Gstatic.com Used for?

If you are surfing the web daily, you can face gstatic.com appearing on display. Multiple people don’t know what it is and think of it as a virus or malware. In this article, we have covered all details about it.

What is Gstatic?

Gstatic is a service that Google uses to hold static content and decrease bandwidth usage. Google LLC uses this http://Gstatic.com reliable domain to boost network speed for users.

What is gstatic.com?, How does Google use it?

gstatic.com is a web domain that Google uses to access its driver where Google hosts images, javascript, CSS, and other contents. It helps the content load more quickly from the content delivery network or CDN.

The domain helps to boost network performance, decrease bandwidth usage. Besides, it allows you to load Gmail, Google Maps, and other Google services. You can store different static data such as JS libraries, stylesheets, etc. The domain can verify the connectivity to the web, especially for Chrome browser and Android devices.

It comes with a few Subdomains:

fonts.gstatic.com – It sends requests to the Google Fonts API, and these consist of resource-specific domains like fonts.googleapis.com or fonts.gstatic.com

maps.gstatic.com – The domain allows you to embed Google Maps images on the web page, and you don’t need JavaScript or any dynamic page loading.

csi.gstatic.com – The domain helps to improve the performance of other sites.

These are a few other examples of subdomains

accounts.gstatic.com

connectivity.gstatic.com

csi.gstatic.com

fonts.gstatic.com

metric.gstatic.com

mail.gstatic.com

maps.gstatic.com

ssl.gstatic.com

Browser hijackers and other cybercriminals use a counterfeit version of the domain to install unnecessary applications and adware. The programs do not disclose details about apps bundled with them. We advise you to install third-party software only from trustworthy sources. Running a scan can also help you check if there is any virus.

Adware-type software or browser hijackers offer unwanted pop-ups installed on the devices without the user’s consent. For example, the adware can offer coupons, banners, pop-ups, and other intrusive advertisements.

You may find the ads disturbing as these can redirect you to untrustworthy sites. Besides, these can run scripts that can download PUAs or potentially unwanted applications and install them. It can cause harm and create issues like high-risk infections.

The browser hijacker software can change browser settings and options like search engine, new tab URL, and homepage. As a result, people can encounter redirects to untrustworthy websites. Besides, it can store IP addresses, keystrokes, search queries, geo-locations, URLs of visited websites, etc., including personal or sensitive details. The software can leak information to third parties, and they misuse the details to make revenue. Thus, you can experience different privacy safety issues.

Is it a Virus?

It is a legitimate Google service used to decrease bandwidth usage and enhance network performance. The service doesn’t have any relation to harmful activities. Therefore, if you find any unnecessary pop-ups appearing, you can scan them for viruses and malware.

What are Gstatic Images?

These indicate the images that you can find on https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/ representing the cached version of all the images stored on Google’s servers. They boost the delivery of image results.

Can you remove it?

Many people think that it is malware, but it isn’t. You can remove the service by following the procedure given below in the article.

www.gstatic.com/generate_204 Error?

You can see the URL: http://www.gstatic.com/generate_204 opening up automatically in a new tab. The page is blank with “Untitled” as its title.

If you face a misconfigured network and unstable connection, it can trigger the problem. It is because the browser thinks that it can sign in to the Captive portal. Here, the new WiFi users should enter the sign-in details for security purposes.

What is Connectivity.gstatic.com?

It is a subdomain of gstatic.com used by Chrome and Android devices. The function of the domain is to check if you have internet access to your connected network. If not, the browser can load the captive portal login web page or enable you to access the internet.

Should you Block Connectivity.gstatic.com?

You should not block the subdomain. It may not create significant problems, but the subdomain helps check internet access. Therefore, we advise you not to mess with it.

csi.gstatic.com Keeps Loading:

While opening a website on the Chrome browser, you can see a message Waiting for csi.gstatic.com available in the bottom left corner. The Page displayed doesn’t load, and you see the csi.gtsatic.com URL continuously. If there exists any problem, you can solve it by following the processes.

  1. Allow and Delete Cookies for the Page:

If something gets blocked, you can allow the cookies by tapping on the little lock next to the URL. If you are willing, try to delete cookies for that specific domain. After that, your task is to refresh the page and check if it loads.

  1. Change DNS Settings on the device:

Try to change Domain Name System (DNS) settings to fix the problem.

Uninstall from Windows:

If you’re willing to eliminate the potentially unwanted programs from Windows OSs, you should follow the steps.

For Windows 11:

First, tap on the Start icon and choose the Apps and Features option.

A window will open where you need to look for the app you are willing to uninstall. As soon as you find the app, tap on the three vertical dots. Now, choose the Uninstall option.

For Windows 10/8 :

  • When the windows search box appears, you need to enter the Control Panel. After that, tap on “Enter” or the search result.
  • Choose to Uninstall a program available below Programs.
  • Look for the entry of the suspicious program available in the list.
  • Tap on the app and then choose Uninstall.
  • When the option User Account Control appears, tap on Yes.
  • Finally, you should wait until the uninstallation method is not finished and tap on OK.

Windows 7/XP user:

  • Your job is to tap on the Windows Start and then go to the Control Panel available on the right pane. People who use Windows XP need to tap on Add/Remove Programs.
  • When you open the Control Panel, you should choose Programs and Uninstall a program afterward.
  • Choose the unwanted app by tapping on it once.
  • Tap on the Uninstall/Change option available at the top.
  • Choose the Yes option available in the confirmation prompt.
  • Hit the OK button as soon as the removal process is completed.

Delete from macOS:

If you are willing to delete it from Mac, you should go through the steps.

Remove Items from the Applications Folder:

  • Go to the menu bar, and then you should choose Go > Applications.
  • Open the Applications folder and find all related entries.
  • Tap on the app and then drag to the option Trash. If you want, right-click and select the option Move to Trash.

If you want to delete an unwanted app, ensure that you should access the Application Support, LaunchAgents, and LaunchDaemons folders.

  • After that, your task is to delete relevant files.
  • Choose the option Go and then Go to Folder.
  • Tap on /Library/Application Support and hit the option Go. Next, you may tap Enter option.
  • While opening the Application Support folder, you should find dubious entries and remove them afterward.
  • You should enter /Library/LaunchAgents and /Library/LaunchDaemons folders similarly and terminate all .plist files.

Remove from Microsoft Edge:

Delete Unwanted Extensions from MS Edge:

  • Choose Menu, i.e., three horizontal dots available at the top-right of the browser window. After that, you should choose the Extensions option.
  • Select the extension from the list and then hit the Gear icon.
  • At last, you should tap on Uninstall at the bottom.

Clear Cookies and Other Browser Data:

  • Tap the Menu, i.e., three horizontal dots at the top-right of the browser window. Next, you should choose Privacy & security.
  • Select the option Choose what to clear below the Clear browsing data.
  • Apart from the passwords, you can choose everything. After that, tap on the option Clear.

Restore New Tab and Homepage Settings:

  • Your job is to hit the menu icon and select Settings after that.
  • Next, your task is to look for the On startup section.
  • Finally, tap on Disable if there is any suspicious domain.

Reset MS Edge:

  • If something doesn’t work, you should tap on Ctrl + Shift + Esc to open the Task Manager.
  • Hit the More details arrow available at the bottom of the window.
  • After that, choose the Details tab.
  • Scroll the Page down and find each entry with the Microsoft Edge name. Tap on every item and choose the option End Task to stop MS Edge from running.

Take the help of an advanced Edge reset method if you cannot fix the issue following the procedure. Ensure that you have backed up your information before proceeding.

  • Your first task is to look for the folder available on the PC: C:\\Users\\%username%\\AppData\\Local\\Packages\\Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge_8wekyb3d8bbwe.
  • Tap on Ctrl + A available on the keyboard to choose all folders.
  • Hit the option, and after that, you should choose Delete.
  • Next, tap on the Start button and choose Windows PowerShell (Admin).
  • As soon as the new window opens, your job is to copy the command and paste it. After pasting the command, you need to tap Enter. The command is as follows—

Get-AppXPackage -AllUsers -Name Microsoft.MicrosoftEdge | Foreach {Add-AppxPackage -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register “$($_.InstallLocation)\\AppXManifest.xml” -Verbose

Instructions for Chromium-Based Edge:

Delete extensions from MS Edge (Chromium):

  • Navigate to the Edge and open it. After that, your job is to tap on select Settings and Extensions, respectively.
  • Tap on Remove to delete unwanted extensions.

Clear Cache and Site Data:

  • Tap on the Menu option and head towards the Settings.
  • Choose the Privacy and services option.
  • After that, your task is to select Choose what to clear option available below Clear browsing data.
  • Choose All times available below the Time range.
  • Finally, your task is to choose the option Clear now.

Reset Chromium-based MS Edge:

  • Your first job is to hit Menu, and after that, choose Settings.
  • Next, select Reset settings available on the left side of the display.
  • Now, you have to choose the Restore settings to their default values.
  • Finally, tap on Reset for confirmation.

Remove from Mozilla Firefox (FF):

Try to reset the browser by following the steps manually.

Remove Dangerous Extensions:

  • First, your task is to head towards the Mozilla Firefox browser and open it. Then, your job is to tap on the Menu, three horizontal lines available at the window’s top-right.
  • Next, choose Add-ons.
  • Finally, you should choose the unwanted plugin and then tap on Remove.

Reset the Homepage:

  • Tap on the three horizontal lines you can see at the top right corner for opening the Menu.
  • Next, your task is to select Options.
  • If you are willing, you can put the preferred site under Home options. Then, you can open it whenever you open Mozilla Firefox.

Clear Cookies and Site Data:

  • Tap on the Menu and select Options.
  • Head towards the Privacy & Security section.
  • After that, your job is to scroll the page down to find Cookies and Site Data.
  • Tap on the Clear Data.
  • Finally, your job is to choose the Cookies, Site Data, and Cached Web Content. After that, you need to hit Clear.

Reset Mozilla Firefox:

If you can’t solve the issue by resetting the browser, you must follow the steps.

  • Head towards the Mozilla browser and tap on Menu.
  • Move to the Help and select Troubleshooting Information.
  • Tap Refresh Firefox available below the Give Firefox a tune-up section.
  • As soon as you can see the pop-up on the screen, tap on the Refresh Firefox to confirm the action.

Remove from Google Chrome:

Delete Malicious Extensions from Google Chrome:

  • Your first task is to move to Google Chrome and open it. Tap on the Menu option, three vertical dots at the top-right corner. After that, choose More Tools and Extensions, respectively.
  • You can see all the installed extensions in the newly opened window.
  • Finally, tap on Remove to uninstall the suspicious plugins related to the unwanted program.

Clear Cache and Web Data from Chrome:

  • You have to tap on the “Menu” option and choose Settings.
  • Choose the option Clear browsing data available below the Privacy and security.
  • Next, you should choose Browsing history, cookies, and Cached images and files.
  • Finally, tap on the Clear data.

Change Your Homepage:

  • Your job is to tap on the menu option and then select Settings.
  • Next, find a suspicious site if there is any in the On startup section.
  • Next, tap on the option “Open” a specific set of pages. Now, hit three dots to find the Remove option.

Reset Google Chrome:

Try to reset Google Chrome to eliminate the unnecessary components when the above steps are not helpful.

  • You should first tap on Menu and choose Settings.
  • Scroll the Page of Settings down and tap Advanced.
  • You should scroll down to find the Reset and clean up section.
  • Tap on the Restore settings to the actual defaults.
  • Finally, click on the Reset settings for confirmation.

How to Perform a System Scan?

If you are willing to check if the PC is safe from viruses, you need to run a full system scan. Running a scan will help your device isolate and eradicate malware from the PC.

  • Your first job is to tap on “Windows” + “I” to open Settings.
  • After that, your task is to tap on the “Update & Security” and choose “Windows Security” from the left pane.
  • Now, you should choose the “Virus and Threat Protection” option. Then, hit the “Scan Options” button.
  • Tap on the “Full Scan” option and hit the “Scan Now” button.
  • After tapping on the button, the defender can scan the PC to ensure that your device is safe from viruses.

The Bottom Line:

Gstatic is something you can find in your browsing history or anywhere else. I hope after reading this article; now you know what it is.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  • What exactly is this gstatic Page?

It resembles a Google static code page to create an HTTP 204 No Content response.

  • How do you turn it off?

Look for the app you are willing to uninstall in the opened window. After finding the app, you should tap on the three vertical dots and choose Uninstall. Then, if necessary, you can perform a scan on the pc to check for malware infections or remaining unnecessary components.

  • Is it a tracker?

As per Whotracks.me, the service tracks around 39.6% of internet traffic, its tracking share is increasing each month. But there is nothing to take tension as it delivers content only, and the service will not track personal activity.

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How to Ping a Phone?

How to Ping a Phone?

As a mobile user, you may want to find the location of someone’s mobile like your kid, any employee, etc. Besides, you may need to check if your mobile is active or getting network connectivity. You can ping a phone in this case. Have you faced such a situation? You will be glad to hear that many ways help you hence. The process is known as ‘pinging a phone.’ In this article, you will learn how to ping a phone.

What does it mean to Ping a Mobile Phone?

Pinging a device indicates knowing the device’s location that you want to check. Almost all major operating systems are compatible with this network utility, and Android, iOS, and other operating systems support this feature.

Technically, ping means a signal to the mobile querying about its network location. Then, the mobile will respond to the request with the required details. This technology takes the help of the device’s GPS location.

Use-cases for Pinging a Phone:

Its primary purpose is to find the location of the mobile. However, there are a few reasons why you may want to find the location of a mobile.

  • It enables you to find the location of a phone you have lost or stolen.
  • Using the technology, you can watch your kid’s or employee’s location.
  • You can keep people with a criminal record.
  • Spy apps are used to perform the operations. You should know that spying on someone is illegal without their will.

How does pinging a phone technology work?

Two methods are there to locate a cell phone location by the cellular network provider— Pinging and Triangulation. The first is a digital method, whereas the second is an analog method to find a device location.

To “ping” indicates sending a signal to a specific mobile phone and getting a response with the requested data. While pinging a new digital mobile, it will determine the latitude and longitude through GPS, and then, it will send the coordinates back through the SMS system.

Why ping a mobile?

People use modern technology to find the location of a stolen or lost Android or iPhone device. Likewise, using the technology, you can track the live locations of criminal people.

Besides, the android spy app companies use the technology to keep track of users’ devices. So guardians who are willing to keep track of their kids’ location can use different spy apps.

However, without the person’s permission, spying on them or tracking a device’s location is illegal. So it would be best if you let the person know, like your kid, about using the technology before installing any spy apps.

How to Ping a Phone?

How to Ping a Phone?Multiple mobiles are there supporting the ping functionality. But mobiles released currently don’t come with the feature enabled. Therefore, if you are willing to ping the devices, you will require specialized apps on the mobile. PingD, Google Find My Phone, etc., are a few examples helping to return the ping request. Therefore, you should ensure that you have the apps installed and configured on the system before you proceed. Besides, remember that you cannot ping a mobile that is turned off. However, having a firewall installed on the system does not allow other devices to ping the mobile. Besides, if the AP Isolation feature is turned on the router, other devices may not work.

Ping from a Phone:

  • It would be best to launch the App Store or Play Store first. Then, look for Ping.
  • After that, you need to ping any app that you want. Of course, as soon as you install the app, it would be best to launch it.
  • After that, your job is to put the IP of the mobile. For example, you can enter 192.168.8.101 if it is the IP address. Next, tap on the Ping or Start option.

Use command prompt:

The process is applicable with Android mobiles only. Your first task is to tap on the ‘Windows’ key plus the ‘R’ option for opening the ‘Run’ box. Next, write ‘cmd’ in lowercase letters for bringing up the command prompt. Next, you should write ‘ipconfig,’ and tap on the ‘Enter’ option after that. It offers you the machine’s IP address if it is not available.

When you go to the following line of the command prompt, you must write ‘ping’ there. After that, you should complete the IP address of the mobile to get a ping to the mobile automatically. If it is successful, both the ping and a minimum of 2-3 lines of ‘Reply from’ the address appears. Every line represents a data packet that was sent.

It is a speedy process giving the actual data packets sent to the phone, not the technical ping only. Whether you face a problem, you should try to close the PC or mobile and reboot your wireless router. The issue may be an IP address error. Hence, the process helps send a ping only, and it won’t get any details about the user’s physical location.

GPS tracking software:

It is the quickest way to find a stolen android or iPhone mobile. With the help of GPS tracking software, you can track the location of your family and loved ones. Multiple GPS tracking software is available in free and paid versions. In addition, we have given a few GPS tracking software that helps you ping the device’s location.

  1. GOOGLE MAPS:

It is one of the effective GPS tracking apps for android and iPhone devices that help to find the device location. You can use the application for free for both android and iPhone devices. It allows you to adjust the sharing options. With the help of the latest technology, you can track the lost device’s location.

  1. LIFE 360:

This GPS tracking software lets you ping a phone to find its location. It has plenty of excellent features that help to find the lost device. Besides, it helps to track the location of your family members. Apart from this, many location tracking software is available on iPhone and Android OSs.

With the help of GPS tracking apps, you can find the live location of any device. But it is not possible if GPS is disabled on the device or you have installed fake GPS on the mobile.

Default phone mechanisms:

Take the help of the default mechanism of your mobile phone if the GPS location is disabled. It will help you to ping your mobile to find out the device’s location. Generally, android devices have a default feature called “Find My Device,” whereas iPhone devices have an inbuilt feature called Find My iPhone to track the device location.

The steps you should follow to use Find My Device are as follows:-

  • Your first task is to visit the site android.com/find.
  • Then, you should log in to your Google Account via Gmail details.
  • After that, while using the map, the live location of the device you want to find out will appear.
  • If you are willing, play a ringtone, delete the data, or lock the lost device remotely.

Spy Apps:

You can use a spy app to ping a mobile to know where it is. These apps are equipped with excellent and advanced features to monitor the lost mobile or that you want to track.

These enable you to use android and iPhone devices. The apps help track any person’s live location, read conversations, monitor social media chats, check browser history, record screens, listen to live phone calls & surrounding sounds, etc.

You can find multiple spy apps available in the market, allowing you to track both Android and iPhone devices.

Follow the guide to know how to ping a mobile using spy Apps.

  • Your first job is to make a new account from an Android or iPhone device.
  • After that, your task is to choose the mobile you are willing to monitor and check your call history.
  • Now, you should choose the plan as per the requirements.
  • Next, you must install the application on the device you want.
  • As soon as you complete installing, you can experience Wi-Fi or GPS data in real-time.

Ping from computer:

Taking help from the PC, you can also find out the device you have lost. Then, you should undergo the steps given here to ping mobile using a PC.

  • First, your task is to move to the “Settings” on your android phone and open it after

that.

  • After that, your task is to click on the “About Phone” option.
  • Now, hit the option “Status,” and you should get the IP address.
  • After that, your job is to power on the computer and look for the Windows Command Prompt.
  • Next, you should open the CMD or command prompt as “Run as Administrator.”
  • Write “ping” followed by the IP address of the android device, and next, you should tap on the “Enter” option.

How to Ping a Phone in macOS System:

You can use the macOS system to ping the mobile. However, if you are willing to ping a mobile from macOS, you must follow the steps.

  • Your first job is to go to the Finder and open it on the Mac, followed by Applications. If not, you should tap on the Command and A key to get the list of apps available.
  • Tap two times on Utilities and after that on the Terminal app.
  • While opening the terminal app, you need to write ping followed by the IP address of the mobile. For example, suppose you can ping 192.168.2.1.
  • You can see the results similarly to the Windows system.

How to Ping a Phone from ChromeOS systems:

Use the ChromeOS system if you are willing for this purpose. This one is a Google-developed OS available on the PlayStore in Chrome OS. However, it is beneficial if you use the default command prompt app.

  • If you are willing to open the command prompt application on ChromeOS, you should tap on the link ctrl, alt, and T keys to open it up.
  • Write ping followed by the IP address of the device. Use 192.168.2.1 for pinging.
  • Tap on “Enter” to start connection tests and the results after the test.
  • Thus, you can ping a mobile from a system running Android or iOS.

Tracing the phone number details:

By tracing the details of a mobile number, you can find out the location of a sim number or a device. In addition, multiple apps can bring universal caller ID services to your mobile, enabling you to track the mobile number.

You can take the help of the famous mobile number tracking apps like True caller, Showcaller, CallApp. These allow you to check the sim card name, registered place, etc. It is beneficial in finding fraud caller, unknown caller location details, etc.

Take help from the phone’s carrier:

The last method is to take help from your mobile carrier by contacting them. As soon as you contact your mobile phone carrier company, they will help you to find out the mobile you have lost. They trace the live location using the triangulation process and find out the device.

How Can you prevent your location from being tracked?

A few people are unwilling to have their phone’s location traced. These are the ways to prevent the location from being tracked.

Power Off the GPS Location: You should disable the live location of your phone. Thus, you can vanish from live tracing software’s reach.

Power On The Airplane Mode: You can prevent your location from being tracked by enabling the Airplane mood. It does not allow the device to send signals to the closest GPS towers.

Power Off Your Phone Completely: You can power off the mobile and take out the battery. Thus, you can prevent all the software or tracking device from tracking the location.

Power Off Location Services In mobile Settings: Your first job is to move to the phone’s location settings and then disable them.

How to ping mobile location for free with a phone company?

You should know that all iPhone and Android devices come with a default trigger, and it enables you to return all data regarding location and GPS to the actual cell service provider.

An option is available under the “Location Services” tab in the settings section. The data will remain protected with the service provider until you use the service data given by your mobile provider.

While switching to another phone provider, they will have the authorization to track location and maintain its history.

Mobile companies have different phone towers around the area covered. Therefore, when you move, your mobile connects to every tower.

The companies can triangulate your position depending on the tower you join. It is vital to know that 911 operators and service station operators can access location software, enabling them to expedite operations and respond in an emergency. Therefore, these are legal processes using which companies can ping the mobile, and thus, they will know your location.

How can you ping your mobile, which has been switched off?

It is not possible to ping a switched-off phone. As soon as you power off the mobile, you cannot track your device. The reason is that the signals don’t interact more with nearby GPS towers. Thus, it stops letting other devices know where it is. In this case, you can know the last active location of the mobile.

However, a few rates cases always exist. For example, you can detect signals from any switched-off mobile in war zones using NASA technologies. However, the details of these operations remain unknown. As per a report, NASA helped previously to find out the location of people. Usually, there is no way to track a closed mobile.

How to ping a cell phone tower in ping a mobile?

If you are willing to trace the original location of the last cell tower giving the signal to the kid’s phone, you need to ping the mobile. Using a wireless carrier, you can do the job. However, it is not legal to ping a mobile phone not registered to you if you don’t approve it.

Phase 1:

You should first contact the wireless carrier’s customer service department. After that, you should go through the prompts to speak to a representative.

Phase 2:

Let the representative know about your intention to ping the phone or the mobile registered in your account.

Phase 3:

You need to verify the wireless account while asked. In this case, you need to give the representative the mobile you are willing to ping.

Phase 4:

Wait till the representative is not pinging your mobile. Then, it may give you instructions to enroll in a mobile pinging service of your wireless carrier, enabling you to ping the mobile without assistance.

Phase 5:

You should note down the pinged location as soon as it appears.

How to find a lost iPhone:

Use Find My:

Using the Find My app, you can track the location of the Apple products, and it helps to find out the mobile on the map. While using Find My, you can easily know where the mobile is, and you don’t need to ping it. However, if you know that your iPhone is in your home but do not know where it is, the pinging will help you.

Launch the Find My there if an Apple device is attached to a similar Apple ID like iPhone. Otherwise, if you are willing, sign in to icloud.com and then select “Find iPhone.” If you want, select the iPhone from the list and then hit the “Play Sound” option to ping. Firstly, your device will start vibrating. After a while, it starts playing a high-pitched sound. The sound is playing continuously till you will not find your iPhone. Remember that you can stop the sound using the Find My device.

Use An Apple Watch:

Pinging becomes easier while iPhone and Apple Watch have a connection between them. It is very simple, like swiping up on the Apple Watch to the Glances mode. Choose the “ping” button available under other options such as airplane mode, do not disturb, and silent mode. It lets your mobile emit a high-pitched sound.

In addition, you can give instructions to your mobile to blink the LED by tapping the “ping” button and holding it. You may use the feature to find the mobile in a dark room.

Use Siri:

Take the help of Siri if you have any other iOS 12+ device attached to the account. It may be another mobile, iPad, PC, or Apple watch. If you are willing to use Siri, ensure that you have turned on Find My and Siri. Call Siri, and you will get a reply from her. As soon as she replies, you should say, “Siri, find my iPhone.”

Whether many devices are connected to the account, you must specify your mobile. Then, Siri will ask if you are willing to play a sound on the mobile to find out.

You should say “Yes.” Next, you will get an option to see a visual map of the location of the mobile.

From the Cloud:

If you don’t have many Apple devices, there might not exist a simple way to access Siri or the Find My app. If necessary, use a device of another person or your non-Apple device to sign in to iCloud, and it will help you to ping your missing iPhone.

If you are willing to do this, go to this www.icloud.com/find site and log in using your Apple ID and password. After that, your task is to choose the mobile you are willing to find from the list of devices. Then, you should tap on the “play sound” to ping the iPhone.

Whether you have enabled the two-factor authentication and want to log in to the Apple account from an unrecognized device, you should use a 6-digit verification code to bypass the two-factor authentication.

Conclusion:

If you have mistakenly lost your Android or iPhone, these hacks will help you find your mobile phone successfully. We hope that you will know now how to ping a phone.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  • Can you Ping mobile for location?

You cannot ping a mobile number directly without access to the carrier’s system, indicating that it has limitations to carriers and is within range.

  • Is it illegal to ping a cell phone?

A few federal laws are there applicable to cell phone pings. According to the regulations, you can make one thing clear tracing the mobile of someone without their permission is against the law. You can do this only in a criminal investigation or emergency 911 call.

  • Can a private investigator ping the cell phone?

As per federal law, private investigators are not allowed to monitor mobile conversations without the permission of at least one person based on the state.

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Printer Driver is Unavailable Error on Windows — Fixing

Printer Driver is Unavailable Error on Windows — Fixing

Generally, the Printer has excellent usage. Your Printer may run for a long year, but it doesn’t mean that it will not malfunction. It can also stop giving responses completely. We have given here a few basic printer problems, and this blog post will assist you in fixing the printer driver is unavailable issue related to Printer.

Sometimes, you can experience a “Printer Driver is unavailable” error while printing documents. For HP printers, it is very common. However, other brand drivers can face trouble also. For example, Epson printers face an “Epson printer driver is unavailable error” that occurs frequently.

When this error message appears in front of the display, it indicates that the Printer’s software is not installed correctly on the PC. Besides, it also happens that your device drivers are facing troubles. However, we are fortunate that there are methods to fix the issue.

What does ” Printer Driver is Unavailable” on Printer indicate?

The error indicates that your Printer’s driver has a specific problem that doesn’t allow your Printer to work with the PC correctly. It can be available as a status on your Windows driver software.

The issue typically occurs while the printer driver is not corrupted or up-to-date. Besides, it can happen if your system needs new Windows updates. Corrupt and incompatible printer drivers are the basic reasons for the issue.

What is a Printer Driver?

A printer driver is a small program that is available on the PC. The function of the driver is to enable communication between the Printer and itself.

Printer Driver Working:

It has two primary functions. The first one is that it works as a bridge between the Printer and the PC. It helps the PC to realize the hardware specifications and printer details.

The second function is that the driver helps translate the print job data to signals that your Printer understands. Each Printer comes with its driver. The driver is written to fit its profile on a specific OS. If the Printer cannot configure correctly or installed a wrong device driver, your PC could not detect the Printer.

However, a few printer models are there capable of using generic drivers. These come preloaded with Windows 10 and enable you to print. In this case, you are not required to install extra drivers from the manufacturer. But it can sometimes not allow you to use your Printer to its full potential due to the absence of additional printer-specific functions and settings.

Why is your Printer unable to print with Windows 10?

Plenty of reasons can be there due to which your Printer behaves like unresponsive. Hence, it is vital to check out the common causes. For example, you should check if any paper is in the tray, wires are attached to the Printer, toner cartridges are not exhausted, and your Printer is hooked up to your Wi-Fi. Check the warning lights on your device or the error messages you see on your Windows 10 computer.

Besides, whether you have updated your OS from Windows 7 or 8 to Windows 10 recently and find your device unable to print, then it may be the upgrade process due to which your printer driver has been damaged. You may have a printer driver also that doesn’t support your new Windows version.

Microsoft indicated that there would be no backward compatibility preloaded into the operating system for a few specific software and apps. The same thing applies to a few specific printer drivers. Multiple printer manufacturers are unable to update the drivers in a timely fashion.

The issue can occur due to an incompatible driver or corrupt file. However, you can fix the problem by applying a systematic approach. In this case, you are only required to check for any Windows updates. After that, you need to install the recent driver for your Printer.

How to Fix Printer Driver is Unavailable Error?

The error message prevents you from printing though you change printer ink cartridges. It doesn’t enable you to use other functions such as Scan and Copy. Whether you face trouble, try to follow these processes to fix it.

But before proceeding, it is important to know about the requirements. These help to troubleshoot the methods very easily. Make sure that you will use the second requirement only when the first requirement won’t work.

First Requirement – Change UAC Settings:

UAC or User Account Control is a setting that lets you know when your windows (10, 8, or 7) make any system changes. The changes are mainly related to the user or admin rights. You should configure the UAC settings so that it will not prevent you from installing essential components and drivers for the Printer.

Perform these steps here:

  • First, your job is to ensure that you are signed in as the Administrator on the PC.
  • Then, your task is to move to the Control Panel and then User Accounts. After that, you should go to the option, “Change User Account Control Settings.”
  • You can see that there are three levels, including two levels above Never Notify and a level below Always Notify. Hence, you need to set the slider to the third level.
  • A box is available on the right side that lets you know the summary of the setting. It will say, “Notify me only when apps try to make changes to my computer (default)” at the top. You can also see this message “Recommended if you use familiar apps and visit familiar websites” at the bottom part of the box.
  • Tap on the OK.
  • Then, you have to tap Yes when a User Account Control Settings window is available. It asks permission for the application to make changes on the machine.

Second Requirement – Complete Admin Account Verification:

If the first one is not working, then the reason is that windows have added a verification step. In this process, the identity is verified as the Administrator and stops illegal access to your account. Besides, it provides control to the admin user on all the changes made on the computer.

Steps:

  • First, your task is to ensure that you have signed in as the computer’s Administrator.
  • After that, you are required to head towards the Control Panel, User Accounts, and Make Changes to my Account in PC settings, respectively.
  • Then, your job is to tap on the Verify that is available under the Your Info heading Windows. It asks you, “how would you like to get this code.” Now, you need to select the Email Address and tap on Next.
  • Microsoft will send a verification code to your email address. You need to copy & paste the code on your required entry and tap on Next.
  • After verifying your account, as soon as the installation of the printer driver starts, the verification step won’t be available.

Here, we have given some basic troubleshooting methods that you have to apply to resolve the issue.

Ways to Resolve Printer Driver Unavailable Issue

  • You need to check if your Printer is connected to a power source and PC through Wi-Fi or a cable is used.
  • Make sure that it is powered on and not in sleep/hibernation mode.
  • Whether you send a task through email, ensure that you have specified the proper email address.
  • Wi-Fi printers are tricky due to which you have to connect your machine to a similar Wi-Fi network. It is because the Printer is going to begin a task.
  • Check if the wires are attached correctly to the PC.
  • Try to use a different wire if the recent one is damaged.
  • Whether you have a USB-enabled printer, attach it to another one if your recent USB port is malfunctioning.
  • Make sure that the printer ink cartridges must not remain empty.

Way 1) Reinstall Printer’s Drivers:

Sometimes, the driver can lose important files or become corrupted. If something like this happens to you, you must uninstall every related software. Then, you have to install your driver back on the PC.

  • In this case, your first task is to head towards the Control Panel, then Hardware and Sound, Device and Printers, and Device Manager, respectively.
  • Tap on the option Print queues to see the drop-down list. Now, you need to look for the printer model on the list. As soon as you find this, tap on its icon. Then, your job is to select the Uninstall device option. Next, tap on the Uninstall option when your Windows ask you to confirm the action.
  • Now, you are required to move to the Control Panel of your PC, and then you have to tap on Devices and Printers. Hence, you need to select the Printer and then tap on Remove device available at the Window’s top right corner.
  • Finally, you have to reinstall the driver. Ensure that you have added each essential component in the installation.

Restart Automatically:

  • In this case, tap on the Start Scan first to detect the outdated or incompatible drivers.
  • You can take Smart Driver Care’s help as it helps scan the Windows for outdated drivers.
  • As soon as the scanning process completes, you can see the outdated drivers.
  • Tap on the Update button that is available to the printer driver. Whether you use the Pro version, then you need to tap on Update All for downloading automatically and installing all outdated drivers.
  • Now, restart the OS.
  • Finally, you have to check your OS to see if the problem remains.

Way 2) Update the Windows Operating System:

If your system is outdated, it can be a reason for the issue. If it happens to you, you have to install all available Windows updates. Thus, you are capable of fixing the issue. To update the windows operating system, perform these steps.

  • You should first hit the Search Bar button next to the Windows Start Menu button. Then, you are required to tap on the “Update” word.
  • Then, the Search Bar appears with a list of possible options regarding the query. Find the Windows Update option next. After finding this, you should tap on the Check for Updates button.
  • Now, windows start checking tor the available updates. Then, you need to install these automatically.
  • When the method ends, you have to restart the computer.
  • Finally, you are required to print any page to check the issue.

Way 3) Exclusive for Plug-and-Play Printers:

Do you have a plug-and-play printer? If you have this type of Printer, then the work will be a lot simpler.

To deal with the issue, you should first unplug the Printer from the PC. It indicates that you need to unplug all cords and wires connected between these. Then, you need to connect everything again and perform the steps given by the Setup Wizard.

When you see the Wizard not appearing, your task is to navigate to the Start and then Settings.

  • After that, tap on Devices.
  • Then, you should choose to Add a printer or scanner.
  • Wait for a while now till your system is not identifying the Printer. You are required to follow the instructions.
  • Now, you can see the windows identifying all devices attached to the computer. As soon as it identifies the Printer, you should finish the instructions given on display.

Way 4) Manually Update Your Printer Drivers:

If you face any trouble after carrying out a Windows update, update the printer drivers. Navigate to the printer manufacturer’s website and check if your device is compatible with Windows 10. You can get the Driver downloads option in the manufacturer’s Support section.

When you find your device supported, you have to download the recent stable version. You need to tap two times on the installer files to add the new driver as soon as you download. Sometimes, your device can only be compatible with the manual installation of drivers. Perform the steps to do this.

  • Head towards the Control Panel first and then open it.
  • Choose the Small Icons view option available on the top right of the dialog. Next, you need to tap on the Device Manager.
  • When you go to the Device Manager window, look for the printer you are willing to install. Sometimes, you can find your Printer missing. Besides, it can have corrupt or outdated drivers, due to which you can see a yellow exclamation mark beside the name.
  • Tap on the printer name, and then you need to select the Update Driver Software option from the pop-up menu.
  • Now a new window will appear with two options. Hence, you should select the option that is marked “Search automatically for updated driver software.”
  • You need to follow the steps available in the Wizard. It helps to install the recent drivers for your Printer if these are not available. If these have been downloaded already from the manufacturer’s support site, you have to choose “Browse my computer for driver software” instead.

Way 5) Run the Windows Update Tool:

Having an outdated operating system can be a reason for the issue. It is why you are required to install all the windows updates instantly as fast as you can. Thus, you can print again and get the overall stability and security of the PC. We have given here the process of running the Windows Update utility.

  • You should first hit the Start button that is available at the bottom-right corner of the display.
  • Then, your task is to tap on the Settings icon.
  • Now, you should select the Update and Security option.
  • Windows will find updates after that. If there is any, then you have to download and install it automatically.
  • As soon as the update method is finished, you need to reboot the PC.
  • When you reboot the PC, you should check if the error message is still available or not.

Way 6) Check for Damaged System Files:

Sometimes, corrupted or damaged system files can generate multiple issues. If you are willing to fix the error, then you need to use the Reimage to perform a full Windows scan and repair.

  • First, your task is to download the Reimage and install it.
  • Then, your job is to open the Reimage. After opening this, you need to tap Yes to run a free scan.
  • With the help of Reimage, you can scan the PC thoroughly. However, it can take some minutes.
  • As soon as you do this, a detailed report of all the troubles will be available on your computer. If you want to resolve these automatically, then you need to tap on START REPAIR. But to use this, you should buy the full version. Besides, it also comes with a 60-day money-back guarantee. Therefore, if you want, you can refund any time if Reimage is unable to fix the problem.
  • Now, you need to check your driver’s status as it will be normal now.

Way 7) Uninstall the Printer Driver:

Especially, two significant solutions are there that you can follow to fix the issue. The first one is to uninstall your Printer with all related software. Then, install this in your operating system. And the second one is that go through all the available drivers and then choose the correct one. It helps to uninstall them, and then you should try to connect it. Thus, the default drivers can be installed.

Steps:

  • First, your task is to tap on Windows + R buttons. Then, write “control” in the dialogue box and hit Enter. As soon as you enter the control panel, ensure that you have chosen the option View by Large icons. After that, you need to tap on the Devices and Printers.
  • You can now see all the names available in the list.
  • Tap on the name that is creating the issue. Then, you have to choose the “Remove device” option.
  • Now, you must hit Windows + R again, and after that, your task is to write “devmgmt.msc”. Your task is to move to the “Print queues” category and then tap on the Printer. After that, your task is to choose the “Uninstall device” option. Sometimes, the option may not be available in the Printer after removing it from the control panel. Therefore, there is nothing to take tension if you won’t find this.
  • Write “appwiz.cpl” in your dialogue box after typing Windows + R button. After that, your task is to hit Enter. All the apps are available in the list.
  • You should now tap on the printer applications and then choose “Uninstall.”
Further Steps:
  • When you complete performing the steps given above, you need to unplug the device from your PC. You should do this while the device is connected via a USB connection. You should unplug it from your router if it uses wireless. Then, your task is to close the PC, Printer, and router. After that, you are required to plug the power supply out.
  • You should wait for ten minutes. After waiting, you need to connect all of these and start all modules. You should then plug the device into your PC with the help of a USB cable initially. Now, you should wait till the detection process is not finished, and then you have to install your essential drivers.
  • You should then move to the control panel and tap on the device. After that, your job is to choose “Set as default printer.” You need to print a test page to check if the issue remains.

Via Device Manager:

  • First, you are required to hit the Start button. Then, your job is to move to the Device Manager section.
  • Hit the arrow button that is beside Print queues to extend this group.
  • If your Printer is not available in the list, then you need to open the View menu. Then, your task is to choose Show hidden devices.
  • Tap on the Printer and then choose Uninstall device.
  • Now, your task is to tap on Uninstall for confirmation.
  • As soon as you uninstall the device, you need to go to the Action menu and open it. Then, choose Scan for hardware changes.
  • Now, your task is to reboot the computer. Windows will install the missing device automatically.
  • At last, you should try using the Printer.

Way 8) Start Windows in Safe Mode:

You can try to boot your windows in Safe Mode as it is an ideal way to disable any non-critical drivers, services, or processes. These can affect the PC and cause errors.

The process of doing this is as follows:
  • Head towards the Start menu first and open it after that. Then, your job is to hit the power button.
  • Hold the Shift button down and then tap on Restart.
  • Now, you can find your Windows booting in Recovery startup mode with a blue screen.
  • Then, you should choose the Troubleshoot area.
  • After that, you must navigate to the Advanced options and then Startup Settings.
  • Tap on the Restart.
  • You should then tap F4 to turn on the Safe Mode.
  • As soon as your Windows boots, use your Printer.

Way 9) Install Generic Printer Driver:

Your PC may not detect the Printer or get stuck as an Unknown device. Hence, your task is to install default generic printer drivers manually. Perform the steps to do so.

  • Your first task is to tap the Windows key and hold this. Then, you need to tap X.
  • Next, you should choose the “Device Manager” option.
  • As soon as you open the Device Manager, you need to find the Printer. If you cannot find this, you should check if the “Unknown Devices” option is available in the category.
  • Tap on the device and tap on the “Update Driver” option.
  • Then, your task is to tap the “Browse my computer for drivers” option.
  • You should choose “Let me pick from the list of available drivers…..” and then select “Generic Software Device.”
  • Next, your job is to tap on the “Next” Option, and then you should restart the PC.

You should know that installing the Generic driver might not allow you to use some functionality. But it makes your device usable, at least.

Way 10) Reinstall Printer:

If you cannot solve the ‘Printer driver is unavailable’ error message, you should reinstall the Printer. The effective way that you can choose is to solve irregularities. If you are willing to do this, then perform the steps.

  • You should switch off the printer device and unplug it after that.
  • Then, you must write Add Or Remove Programs by going to the search field.
  • Next, you can choose the Printer that you are willing to uninstall.
  • Wait for a while till the uninstallation procedure is not completed.
  • You should now reboot the operating system and then connect it again. Now, you can turn on your Printer.
  • You can take the help of the installation disc or USB in this case.

Way 11) Roll back the Printer Driver:

Have you installed a driver mistakenly which does not support your Printer and operating system? It may be a reason why you are facing the error message. Hence, the easiest way to do this is to roll back your driver to an earlier version. These are the steps that you are required to perform to do this:

  • Your first task should be to tap on the Win key + R buttons. Then, you need to write devmgmt.msc. After that, you have to tap on the Enter to open Device Manager.
  • Then, your job is to expand the category of the Print queues.
  • Tap on the printing device, and then your task is to move to the Properties.
  • Now, go to the Driver tab.
  • You should now tap on the Roll Back Driver and then go through the instructions.
  • If you see the button in grey color, it indicates that no earlier version is saved on the computer. As a result, you are unable to perform the process.
  • Finally, your task is to reboot the Windows PC and then check your Printer.

Way 12) Set the Default Printer:

Have you connected many printers and scanners with your PC? If yes, your OS can take a hard time detecting your default printer. Therefore, the device will not function properly and show the error message. However, you can resolve this by setting the default printer.

  • First, your job is to tap Win key + R and then write Control Panel. Next, you need to hit Enter to open this app.
  • Then, you need to go to the Devices and Printers.
  • Now, you need to identify your printer name in the category of Printers.
  • Tap on this and then choose Set as the default printer.
  • Tap OK for confirmation.
  • Finally, check your Printer to see if it works.

Conclusion:

If you don’t want to face Printer driver-related issues such as printer driver is unavailable, or driver unavailable on the Printer, or Printer says a driver is unavailable error messages, then you should perform specific things. You need to keep the hard disk constantly optimized and install a driver from an actual source. Make sure that you haven’t installed any software from unknown sources. Try to use reliable driver updater software and keep the drivers updated. Wish our guide will help you to fix the error message ‘printer driver is unavailable’. Try all the methods one by one to resolve the error.

Frequently Asked Questions: 

How do you fix Printer Driver Is Unavailable Error?

You can solve the error by installing or updating the printer driver. Besides, you can also update the Windows Operating System to fix the issue.

How do you make your Printer Driver available?

The issue is usually seen when your driver becomes corrupted or outdated. In this case, updating your windows or the printer driver (manually or automatically) can help you.

What is the Driver Is Unavailable Error For The Printer?

It happens while the PC and printer driver is outdated or not compatible. Your Printer can experience multiple problems like paper getting stuck, unclear, blotched print, etc. The printer driver unavailable error is one of the examples of technical issues hence.

 

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How to Fix err_address_unreachable Error in Your Browser

How to Fix err_address_unreachable Error in Your Browser

Most of the people across the world prefer to use Google Chrome as a browser. However, many users have already encountered the message ERR_ADDRESS_UNREACHABLE on Chrome. If you have already faced the problem, the reasons can be router issues, proxy settings, wrong website access environment, server problems, etc. Due to these issues, you may be unable to access a few sites on your PC.

What Does The err_address_unreachable Error Mean?

This err_address_unreachable error message is common on the Chrome browser while using a Windows PC. It usually happens for the Domain Name System (DNS) when it carries an error. This is the reason due to which you are unable to load web pages using the host.

What causes the error “ERR_ADDRESS_UNREACHABLE” in the Chrome browser?

We have given here the reasons for which you can face the issue while trying to access any site on the browser.

Router Issues:

The router that you are using can create problems in submitting requests to the designated ports.

Proxy Settings:

Whether you use a proxy network to access websites, it might not handle your requests properly. In this case, you have to disable the proxy server or try to enable it as per the situation.

Wrong Website:

This message can appear while you are trying to access a private address in a public network.

Server issues: Whether you are a website owner, you should know whether your users can access your site or not. The error can appear due to some other reason related to your site.

DNS Cache Problem:

The chrome browser stores caches of different sites. Hence, the DNS cache can be a reason for the err_address_unreachable issue.

Antivirus Issue:

If you use antivirus to check websites, you can find the site spam or harmful. The installed antivirus may block the chrome browser and not allow it to reach the website.

Slow Internet Connectivity:

While you are using any network, the internet connection can be low, due to which you may not load a website. Hence, the browser displays the err_connection_timed_out message. Sometimes, it can display the message Err_network_changed where the address is unreachable.

When you are trying the fixes, ensure that you have a proper internet connection. However, whether you are willing to access a private address, you should be in the network.

err_address_unreachable’ Error on Chrome:

When you see the error, you cannot access the websites you prefer for some reason on the Google Chrome browser. The ‘This site can’t be reached’ message comes with the ‘err_address_unreachable’ error code. The message says that you are unable to get access to the webpage. So, it is essential to run Network Diagnostic to identify the real reason for the error. Ensure that you are refreshing the webpage on the chrome browser, then check if it works.

Sometimes, you can face the problem due to temporary glitches in the networking equipment and Windows. Hence, you are required to try to reboot both your router and PC. Then, you should check whether restarting the device helps to get rid of the issue or not. Generally, router and router settings-related issues are the reasons for the error. If you’re willing to solve the error, restarting or resetting the router can help you. If the proxy server settings are turned on on the Windows computer, you can also see the error. However, problems with the website server itself are also one of the causes of the issue.

Similar Types of NET::ERR_ADDRESS_UNREACHABLE Error problem:

  • Err_address_unreachable ubuntu
  • Err_address_unreachable opera
  • Net::err_address_unreachable
  • Err_address_unreachable mac 2018
  • This site can’t be reached
  • Err_address_unreachable mac 2020
  • Err_address_unreachable wordpress
  • How to fix err_address_unreachable chromebook
  • Err_address_unreachable reddit
  • Jio fiber err_address_unreachable

How to Fix err_address_unreachable the Error on Your Browser:

First, ensure that no problem will be there at the server-side. If there is no problem with the server, then the issue is at your side. Before proceeding with the fixing methods, you have to ensure that you have proper network connectivity. When you see the network connection is fine, then check these solutions given below.

Restart Your Router:

In most cases, when you restart the router, you can solve the issue immediately. Multiple cases are there where the router goes into an error state. If you face the situation, restart the router to get rid of the error message.

First, your job is to close the power supply of the router. After that, your task is to wait for around 2-5 minutes.

When the time has gone, turn it back on. Wait for a while, and then try to attach the PC again.

After that, try to access the website and then check if you are still facing the error.

Are you unable to fix the problem? Are you facing it till now? Then, reset the router. In this case, one thing you have to ensure is that you must know the details of the ISP of the router. If you don’t know, then you should know it first before resetting the router.

Hence, your job is to first find the small hole behind the router device with the reset tag.

Use a little pin after that, and then try to tap the hole continuously for 4-5 seconds.

Now, you can connect the router after a reset. Use an Ethernet wire if necessary and then head towards the router address. You can find the router’s address on the backside of it in most cases.

Next, you are required to put the details that you get from your ISP to access the network. Finally, check if the issue remains.

Disable Proxy Server:

A proxy server is the same as a VPN, and therefore you can use it with ease while connecting to a public network. When you use a proxy server outside of the organization or office, it can cause connection problems. In this case, you have to turn off the Proxy settings.

If you want to disable the proxy server, your job is to tap the Windows key + R button available on the keyboard to open the RUN dialog box.

When you are in the RUN dialog box, you must write inetcpl.cpl. Then, you should tap the Enter key or OK for opening the Internet Properties window.

Tap the Connections tab when the Properties window is opened.

Then, navigate to the LAN settings tab below the Local Area Network (LAN) settings.

Ensure that you have unchecked the “Use a proxy server for your LAN” option.

Then, you are required to mark the “Automatically detect settings” option.

After that, your task is to tap the OK to make changes. Then, get out of the LAN settings.

Finally, your task is to tap the OK button to get out of the Internet Properties window.

Clear Google Chrome DNS Cache:

Domain Name Server is the full form of DNS. The function of the server is to store the IP addresses of those domains you have visited. This browser helps to increase the speed of your internet browsing. To do this, you have to keep all the DNS data of the sites. You can face the issue due to this error. The reason is that Chrome may use the cache data for accessing the page that has moved to a different IP address.

It is better to delete the DNS cache memory to fix the issue. If you are willing to remove the DNS cache of the browser, then you need to copy the address and paste it into the address/URL bar. Next, your task is to tap the Enter button after pasting this address chrome://net-internals/#dns.

A page appears in front of the display after that. You need to tap the Clear host cache button.

Now, you have to remove the Host data DNS from the PC.

At last, your job is to relaunch the browser. Then, move to the troubled website again. Deleting the cache helps you to reset the device.

Disable your Antivirus App:

If you use any Antivirus software or third-party antivirus programs, it can create issues like ERR_ADDRESS_UNREACHABLE. Whether you want to solve the problem, you have to disable the antivirus program temporarily. Then, you can check if the issue remains.

If you find the antivirus software not causing the issue, you must enable the antivirus software again to keep the PC protected.

For Windows Defender:

Tap the Start button or Windows logo key first to get available at the lower left.

Then, you can see the settings icon. Tap on that for opening the section of Windows Settings.

When you are in the Windows settings section, you need to tap the Update and Security option.

Next, your task is to tap the Windows security available at the left pane.

Navigate to the protection areas section and tap on the Virus and Threat protection. After that, you will see a window appearing on display.

When the new window appears, you must tap the Manage settings option from Virus and Threat Protection settings.

Then, your job is to toggle the Real-time protection off.

Finally, reboot the PC.

For AVG:

First, tap two times on the AVG icon on the system tray.

Hit the option Temporarily disable AVG protection.

Then, choose the timing for how long you want it to be disabled. Select if you are willing to turn off its Firewall too. Tap the OK option if you are ready to disable the antivirus program.

For McAfee:

First, your task is to tap on the McAfee icon two times. The icon is available on the system tray.

Tap the Exit option after that.

Next, you can see a dialog box appearing saying that McAfee protection will be turned off. Hence, you have to tap the Yes option for turning off the antivirus program.

For Avast:

Hence, you need to tap on the Avast icon twice, which is available on the computer system tray.

After that, your job is to tap the Avast shields control option.

Now, you have to find the options for turning off the program. The options are as follows— for 10 minutes, an hour until the computer is restarted, or permanently. The option permanently indicates that it remains disabled until you turn this on again. After that, you have to select an option suitable for you. Use the option for turning off the program.

Launch the browser again and then check whether the issue remains or not

Reset TCP/IP:

We know TCP/IP as an internet protocol component useful for connecting with a network. When this gets corrupted, you can face a problem due to which you may not be capable of loading a webpage. Hence, resetting the TCP/IP of the PC can help you to solve the problem. If you cannot fix the error, you may want to reset TCP/IP with Command Prompt.

You should always be careful as your device may be affected if any wrong operation occurs while using Command Prompt. An improper operation can lead to data loss.

Step 1: First, your task is to navigate the Run window and open it. After that, you need to write cmd and then tap the Shift + Ctrl + Enter buttons for running Command Prompt as administrator.

Step 2: Hence, your job is to enter the following commands. Tap on the Enter after each.

  • ipconfig /release
  • ipconfig /all
  • netsh Winsock reset
  • netsh int ip set dns
  • ipconfig /flushdns
  • ipconfig /renew

Now, get out of the Command Prompt and then helps to reboot your PC. After restarting the computer, you have to launch the browser.

Clear Browsing Data:

Sometimes, the data you are using can be corrupted. In this case, what you should do is clear the browsing data.

We have given here the method for clearing the browsing data from the Chrome browser.

Hence, first, your task is to launch the browser.

After that, you are required to tap the vertical three dots. This menu is available at the top right corner of the browser display.

Next, move to the options list and then select the Settings option.

After that, head towards the Privacy and security section while you are in the settings.

When you enter the section, your job is to move to the Clear browsing data.

Now, go to the Advanced tab.

You should make changes to the Time range to All time. After that, you should check these items.

Browsing history,

cookies, and other site data,

site settings, and

hosted app data.

Tap on the Clear data button at the bottom of the display. Now, you should wait for a while till the data is cleared.

If you don’t clear data from the chrome browser, you should know that the more you clear data, the quicker the process will complete.

Check Address:

You can encounter the error if you try to access a private address while connecting to a public network. There are network addresses like ‘192.168.1.8’ etc. that you can access only in private networks.

You need to ensure that the address you are willing to access is not bound because of networks. If it happens, then you can confirm that you have connected to the correct network. Next, you should try to reaccess the network.

Try these solutions we have given below:

You can access the site in another network using a different ISP.

Besides, if necessary, then use another browser to access the site. If you find the other browser working correctly,

then the issue is with your browser. Hence, you are required to reset the browser or try to reinstall that.

You can check the address in the incognito tab. In this way, you can make sure that if the browser add-ons are the ones who are responsible for the issue.

If you are willing, you can try to access the site on another device but on the same network. Repeat the same process while you are connected to a different network. Thus, you can diagnose the issue to check if the culprit is your device or the network.

Whether each solution fails, you need to contact your ISP.

Change to Google DNS server on DNS Settings:

In most cases, whenever you find DNS (Domain Name System) related problems, you can fix them by changing DNS servers with the help of a Google Public DNS server. Hence, your task is to change the settings on Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) for your preferable DNS server and Alternate DNS server. Now, check whether you are capable of solving the problem or not.

To get rid of the issue, first tap the Windows key + I buttons together that are available on the keyboard. By pressing the buttons, you can open the Windows settings section easily.

After going inside Windows Settings, your job is to tap the option Network & Internet.

Tap the option Change Adapter that is available below Advanced network settings of network status. Hence, you can see a new window appearing.

Then, your task is to tap on the network that is available in the Network Connections window. After that, you should tap the Properties option from the drop-down menu.

You can see the Networking tab option available below the Wi-Fi Properties. Hence, you have to tap on the option.

Now, you are required to scroll the page down and then tap two times on the Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) for opening the section.

Tap the “Use the following DNS server addresses” option now.

Input 8.8.8.8 as a Preferred DNS server.

Input 8.8.4.4 as Alternate DNS server

Hit the OK option for making changes.

Next, your job is to relaunch the browser and check whether the message alert is still available in the Chrome Browser or not.

Reset Network Settings:

If you encounter problems with the network settings, you may experience this error message where the address can’t be reached. Besides,  if you are willing to get rid of the issue, try resetting the network settings by going to the command prompt.

If you want to do this, your first job should be to write ‘Command Prompt at the search bar on the lower left.

Next, you are required to tap the option command prompt result. After tapping, a drop-down menu will appear. From there, you have to choose the Run as Administrator option and tap on that.

When you are at the Command prompt window, you should try to write these commands. Then, you should tap the Enter option after each command.

You have to write the command ipconfig/release and then hit the Enter option.

Now, write ipconfig/all and tap Enter.

Write ipconfig/flushdns and hit the Enter key again.

Next, you need to type the command ipconfig/renew and then tap the Enter key.

Write this command now netsh int ip set dns, and after writing the command, you should hit the Enter key.

You have to write the command netsh Winsock reset and now hit the Enter key.

Write the ipconfig/renew command and then tap the Enter key again.

Finally, your job is to restart the PC.

As soon as the PC finishes the rebooting process, you should check whether the ERR_ADDRESS_UNREACHABLE error message is available or not.

Forget Wi-Fi Network and Reconnect:

Hence, you can try to delete the current Wi-Fi network and then connect it again. If you are willing to get rid of the error, you should follow the steps.

First, a drop-down menu appears to see the Network Preferences option at the bottom part of the menu.

Tap on the Wi-Fi option, which is available on the left side, and then tap on the Advanced option available at the bottom right of the pop-up window.

Now, you are required to choose the Wi-Fi network that you prefer to “forget” and then tap the minus sign. After that, your job is to hit the OK option.

Finally, you should type the username and password to reconnect the Wi-Fi network.

Turn on and Turn Off the Airplane Mode:

If you are willing to restart the device’s Wi-Fi and mobile-data components, you need to enable and disable the airplane mode. Try to restart the components as it can solve the error.

Remove Chrome Extensions:

Your PC can display the err_address_unreachable error for the chrome extensions you use. It is another strong reason for experiencing the error message. Using the Incognito mode of Chrome can help you in this case. When you use this mode, your browsing history or extensions are not stored because of the private browsing settings.

You should try to open the page in incognito to check the extensions if these cause the issue. If you can open the webpage with ease in the incognito tab, then ensure that this one is an extension error.

In this case, you must head towards the chrome://extensions to uncheck every extension manually. Then, you have to run the webpage to check which one is the culprit.

Update Google Chrome:

We primarily use Google Chrome as our regular browser to update automatically. However, if necessary, you can update it manually.

First, your task is to tap the three vertically aligned dots that you can see on the browser’s upper-right corner.

After that, your job is to tap the Settings and then Tap the About Chrome option. Make sure that you are updated. Otherwise, it asks you to update.

You should know that other browsers come with similar layouts and update procedures.

Use a Different Web Browser:

While you are using Google Chrome, you can experience plenty of err_address_unreachable error messages.

The reason is that the chrome browser may use its IPv6 DNS settings, due to which you can face the DNS resolving issue. Therefore, you are unable to get access to the websites. A few people experienced in the dns probe identified no internet problem due to this.

It would be best to try to access a similar webpage using a different web browser. For example, you can use Mozilla Firefox or Microsoft Edge. You may be capable of using the page on another browser but face the issue on Google Chrome merely. If it is the reason, then try this method.

Website is Down, Moved or not Exist:

Have you found your ISP not the culprit? Has it not blocked the webpage that you are using? Then, one thing that you can ensure is that your webpage server may be down. You can wait for a day until it comes alive again. Whether the web page won’t come, it either moves to another new address or doesn’t exist.

Use ‘PC Repair Tool’:

If the windows PC is causing the error, then the best way you can follow is to take the help of a ‘PC Repair Tool’ for solving the error. The additional benefits you can get from the software are that it can solve BSOD errors, EXE errors, DLL errors, programs/applicators issues, malware or viruses problems, and other system issues.

What will you do if no method will work for err_address_unreachable Chrome Windows 10?

If you have been experiencing the issue till now, then ensure that you are not the one who is causing the problem. Your device also works well.

How to Fix err_address_unreachable Error on Mobile?

Not only on a computer, but you can also face the issue on your mobile while surfing the web on a chrome browser. Hence, you are required to check the internet connectivity first. If it is fine, then you are required to restart the device.

You should check whether the mobile data or the Wi-Fi is working accurately or not. If the network is working fine, then the issue is on the server side. However, if your server is not responding to your device and responding to another one, follow the steps.

First, your task should be to enable the flight mode. Then, you have to wait for sixty seconds and then disable it.

Next, you should disconnect the Wi-Fi and then connect this again if you see the error.

Now, try to reboot the android mobile.

You can try to remove the browsing data and cache of the chrome browser

If you want, you can uninstall the browser and then try to install this.

Conclusion:

ERR_ADDRESS_UNREACHABLE is a type of error that is available in chrome browsers mostly. When it appears, it indicates that the browser you are using cannot get an answer from the site. It is actually on the IP address linked to your preferred domain name.

However, you should know that you can face the error on the other end of the connection. It indicates that your website may be down or moved. You can also see the error message while your network service provider or network administrator blocks the website.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  • Why are you unable to find the address of all websites?

There are a few websites that are unreachable due to server-related problems. For example, the server may be down or under maintenance. If you want to access an unreachable webpage, wait until the server becomes active. However, when you find the server responding to another device, then the issue is at your end.

  • How can you solve err_address_unreachable on mac?

Hence, you are required to diagnose your Chrome browser and mac book. You can reboot the system and modem, check the network connection, clear the Chrome cache, browsing history, etc.

  • What is Err_timed_out?

While trying to open any website on Google Chrome, it may take too much time to load. But if it fails to load the page, you can see the Err_timed_out error appearing.

 

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How to Fix ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE Error

How to Fix ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE Error

When it comes to online, you can find plenty of online fraudsters trying to crack a password code, steal information like personal, payment related, etc. In this case, it is good to install an SSL certificate to offer protection against online fraudsters. If you know the method of troubleshooting the problem, you can easily access a website or page. Here, we have discussed the process of fixing the ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE issue in Google Chrome.

What is mean by the ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE in Google Chrome?

ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE is a type of error that you can face while browsing a site with the help of Chrome or Firefox browsers. When your browser fails to load the visiting page with SSL protocol this type of error may happen. stands for ‘Secure Sockets Layer.’ It uses TCP sockets to transmit information. We are using the browser Google Chrome that enables us to communicate with secured sites such as YouTube, Google, Facebook, etc.

While you see the problem, it means that your system is facing errors in determining the SSL version. It may also happen that your device has an SSL version conflict. Generally, you are capable of fixing the problem efficiently.

The error generally happens while the network server uses TLS1.3. You can fix the error in a few ways. According to some guides, you should disable TLS1.3 entirely in your browser. However, it is not preferable because TLS1.3 provides more security features than TLS1.2 and lower TLS versions.

A mismatch in the TLS1.3 version that is compatible with the browser and the web server may be a reason for the problem. You should know that the TLS1.3 is still developing now. Therefore, if your browser is compatible with the latest TLS1.3 only, but you have the older version of this, then it can cause errors. However, what you should try the first time is to update the browser. It is always recommended to have an updated browser. The reason is that the recent version of the browser must come with the newest security features.

When you find the error caused due to web browsers, the error may happen for the update of your browser.

Why Do You See This ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE Error?

Multiple reasons are there due to which the error happens in Google Chrome. We have given a few here.

  • The site you want to use is not compatible with a mutually agreeable TLS protocol version. TLS 1.3 is supported merely by the server or the client. No other party is capable of supporting this.
  • You are unable to use TLS 1.3 with the earlier versions of the protocol.
  • A few sites are there that are not comfortable with 1.2. If you use any recent browsers, then it won’t create a problem.
  • The SSL you have maybe expired, or it might not be installed properly.
  • Your system may have an improper date and time.
  • Hardware acceleration can cause an error.
  • Google Chrome may be outdated, or the antivirus you are using may not be up-to-date.
  • Having corrupted browser cache data can cause the issue also.

How to Fix the ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE Issue in the Google Chrome (for Owner):

We have given here the process of solving the error in Google Chrome.

Check Your Server Configuration:

If the browser is updated, it may happen that the webserver has been using an old TLS version. Hence, you should check the server configuration.

Look at the SSL:

  • You should check the SSL with the help of an SSL checker tool. Use the tool to check whether you have installed SSL correctly or not. If you find this not appropriately installed, then you should reinstall it.
  • You should see also if the SSL has validity. If you are willing to check the validity of the SSL, you should navigate to the address bar. Then, you are required to hit the padlock icon.
  • Now, you will see a box popping up. Then, you should select the option Valid available in the box below the Certificate tab. Tap on the option.
  • You can see the expiration date available in the list alongside the Certificate icon. Whether the SSL is no longer for use, it needs to be renewed. If you want, you can use a new SSL.

Disable TLS 1.3:

Whether the browser you are using is running in TLS 1.2, then you can face the error. Then, you should check the server’s configuration and enable the configuration to support TLS 1.2.

  • If you are willing to disable TLS 1.3, you should first open the Chrome browser.
  • Navigate to the address bar after that, and then you should write chrome://flags/. Tap on the Enter button at a time.
  • Now, you can view the flags options.
  • Move to the flag search box after that, and then you should write TLS to look for5 the TLS 1.3 option.
  • You are required to select the Disable option from the dropdown menu.
  • After that, you should tap on the Relaunch option to start the browser again.
  • You need to check the site displaying the ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE error.

How to Fix ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE Error (for Visitors):

Check Time and Date :

  • If you are willing to check the time and date in Windows, you should first tap on the Start key.
  • Then, you should tap on the Settings option.
  • Now, go to the Start menu and then tap the Settings option.
  • When you open the menu, you need to look for the option. As soon as you find this, tap on it.
  • After that, you should turn on the Set time and Set time zone automatically.
  • Next, you are required to begin the chrome browser again. Then, you should navigate to the site showing the ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE error.

Disable Antivirus Software:

When you disable your antivirus software, you should try to update it first to the recent version. In case you are facing the problem still now, disable the antivirus software.

  • If you are willing to uninstall your antivirus software, then move to the taskbar.
  • Then, you should look for the hidden trays. After that, you need to tap on the option.
  • Now, you have to find the security software icon. Then, you should tap on this and select the Exit option.
  • Next, your job is to tap both CTRL + SHIFT _ ESC buttons. As soon as you press these, it will take you to open the Task Manager.
  • After that, you should look for the tasks that are linked to the antivirus engine. Then, you should close these.
  • Now, your task is to tap on the Start option and then write ‘Control Panel.’
  • You should then move to the Programs option. After that, your job is to navigate to the option Uninstall a program.
  • Next, select the antivirus you prefer. Then, you should tap on the option and choose the Uninstall/Change option.
  • Finally, the on-screen instructions are seen. You should follow those instructions.

Erase Browsing Data:

Check out these steps for removing the browsing data on chrome.

  • First, your task is to launch the Google Chrome app.
  • Then, you need to tap on Ctrl+H that are available on the keyboard. As soon as you press these, it will open the browsing history along with other stored information.
  • Navigate to the left-pane menu after that. Then, your job is to tap on Clear Browsing Data.
  • You can see here a new window popping up. Ensure that the Advanced Tab is opened.
  • Then, you are required to choose all the boxes.
  • Next, your job is to tap the Clear Data option.
  • Finally, your task is to relaunch the browser. And then, check if the error remains.

Disable Hardware Acceleration:

If you are willing to Disable Hardware Acceleration, you should follow the steps below.

Follow these steps:

  • Go to the browser Google Chrome and open it.
  • Tap on the ‘Menu’ option. Next, your task is to the Settings option. Hit the ‘Advanced’ option now.
  • Here, you should find out the category System.
  • After that, you have to turn off the option Use hardware acceleration.
  • At last, your job is to disable the hardware acceleration.

Flush DNS Cache:

Whether there exists any corrupt local DNS cache, you may not be capable of reaching servers quickly.  That’s why it is always better to flush the DNS cache.

  • First, your task is to tap both Windows Key+S buttons on the keyboard.
  • Then, you should write “Command Prompt” in the prompt box.
  • After that, go to the results and then tap on the Command Prompt option. You should now choose as Administrator from the results.
  • When you find the cmd up, you are required to run this command following command:

ipconfig /flushdns

  • After the completion of the method, a message appears in front of you:

Windows IP Configuration. Successfully flushed the DNS Resolver Cache.

Disable and Eliminate Browser Extensions:

The browser extension you are using can cause the ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE error.

  • If you are willing to eliminate these installed browser extensions, move to Google Chrome and open it.
  • Then, your job is to go to the Menu option and then select the option More.
  • Look for the More Tools option after that. Next, you should choose the extensions in the menu.
  • You are required to disable extensions individually. Delete the extension until you find the specific extension causing the problem.

Disable QUIC Protocol:

We have given here the steps of disabling the QUIC protocol.

  • First, your task is to move to Google Chrome and open it then.
  • After that, your job is to navigate to the address bar. Then, hit the enter button after typing – chrome://flags/#enable-quick.
  • You can keep this Experimental Quic Protocol default.
  • Finally, you are required to disable this and restart the browser. You should move to the site where you can face the error.

The Bottom Line:

In this above post we have shared some tips to resolve the ERR_SSL_VERSION_INTERFERENCE error. read the entire post before proceeding to resolve the issue.  It is essential to have an SSL certificate for that website you are going to use. However, you may not access websites for various SSL errors. We know SSL certificates as such ones that can offer you the most security. It is because this is capable of encrypting data. As a result, hackers are unable to decrypt. While making customer trust, you can use SSL to keep your site secured.

 

Frequently Asked Questions:

  •  Why do you need an SSL certificate?

It is useful to keep user data safe, verify the ownership of the site, etc. Besides, It also helps to stop attackers from creating a fake version of the site.

 

  • Should all websites have SSL?

The site on which you want to use your personal information should have an SSL certificate. Without SSL, the sites will become HTTP.

 

  • Does Google require SSL?

It is Google who is now pushing web owners to use a certificate. If Google wants to do this, it must display only the secure sites in the search results.

 

 

 

 

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YouTube Private Vs Unlisted- Know the Difference

YouTube Private Vs Unlisted- Know the Difference

YouTube is one of the effective social media platforms to showcase our video skills. This social media platform allows you to post different types of your favorite videos. But sometimes, you don’t want the entire world to see your videos. It is when you need to go to either the private or to the unlisted. To know the difference between YouTube Private Vs Unlisted, first determine the level of security for your videos.

It depends on you whether you limit your videos to only friends and family or the public. Wanna share links with prospective customers or your friends? We have unpacked a lot of questions in this article.

What is  YouTube Public Video?

This Public setting is built-in in YouTube for all videos. Whether you want to showcase your video to everyone and see your videos in Google search results, then it is your perfect choice.

What is YouTube Private Video?

YouTube private video is a very secure type. People whom you invite can see only your videos. Here, you can allow up to 50 people in total. You should know that this type of video is not available in video tab sections, search results, video recommendations, etc.

Besides, your invitees are unable to share it with other people. In addition, someone can’t see your video despite having your link unless they have the invite.

What is YouTube Unlisted Video?

The unlisted video setting is a cross between private and public. These appear in search results, subscriber feeds, suggestions, and user video tabs. However, in this case, people are capable of seeing and sharing your video.

It is a basic gist of private vs unlisted YouTube. We have given here advantages of these videos.

Advantages of Making Private Video:

Are your videos very personal? Do you have any secret company projects? Then, this YouTube private setting is ideal.

We have given here a few advantages.

  • Sharing Videos With Loved Ones: Do your relatives live far away? If yes, then this option will be a perfect forum to share special moments more personally.
  • Private Video Library: Everyone has some personal collections such as art, comic books, or records. These are very essential to them. Videos are also one of the important collections.
  • Storing Company Information: If you are a businessman and want to share videos with your employees, it will be a great strategy. This mode doesn’t allow your competitors to see them.
  • Saves Storage Space: People who want to store plenty of their videos should use this setting.
  • Online Video Portfolio: Wanna start up your company? Then, you can showcase your work through these videos. Here, you can present your resume and video portfolio to potential clients or employers in free storage. Nowadays, it has become very common to have an online video resume. If you’re a videographer, then this video Setting is an excellent option. Thus, you can keep unwanted comments away from appearing and stop any personal issues.

Advantages of Making Unlisted Video:

Wanna share videos with a large group? But you may not prefer your videos to appear in search results. In this case, YouTube unlisted is a perfect option.

The benefits of the unlisted videos are as follows:-

  • Perfect for Co-Worker Feedback: If your company has more than 50 employees, you should use this setting.
  • Sharing a Portfolio With Employers: You can share your video resume with over one job prospect through these videos.
  • Field Testing a Potential Public Video: It is perfect for storing reviews and positive comments from a small group. In case you find bad reviews, then enter the delete option.
  • Cleaning YouTube Page: It helps to set up your page and remove old embarrassing videos. However, by changing videos to unlisted, you are capable of deleting the visibility from your channel.
  • Availability: Whether these are on a playlist, these can appear publicly.

Advantages of Making Public Video:

  • Generally, people will prefer to subscribe to any channel if it has a significant following. For business purposes, it is perfect to have a big subscriber count.
  • It helps to generate brand awareness.
  • These can be monetized and are capable of proving to be profitable.
  • Whether your videos have good performance, then you can become famous.

Drawbacks of Public Video:

We have given here a few disadvantages of public video.

  • These attract trolls.
  • Sometimes, videos can be compromising or controversial. If it happens to you, then it can imperil your future job prospects.
  • Anyone is capable of finding videos. Therefore, if they want, they can leave an online mark even after your deletion.

How to Modify Privacy Settings:

The process of modifying privacy settings is as follows:

When you upload videos to YouTube, first, your task is to log into your YouTube account. Then, you should look for the camera icon. It is available at the top right corner.

As soon as the Upload page appears, a key will be available that you have to hit to select files. YouTube says that the video remains private till you choose to set them up.

You should follow the normal process of uploading the video. During this, in the last screen, you can see an option to change the privacy settings.

Select options just save or publish the video. Then, you can see their options—

Private, unlisted, or public with their description and details.

This social media platform comes with a Scheduled feature. It enables you to keep your videos private for a while. After that, these will get published automatically at a specific date.

How to Change Video Privacy Settings: 

For PC:

  • If you are using a computer, you should first login to YouTube Studio.
  • After that, your job is to navigate to the left menu and choose the Content option.
  • Now, you should select the video that you are willing to update. If you want to see the live uploads, choose the Live tab option.
  • Next, you have to hit the down arrow option that is available under “Visibility.” After that, select any of the options— Public, Private, or Unlisted. Save it at last.

For Android:

  • First, your job is to log in to the YouTube app available on your Android device.
  • Next, your task is to hit the Library option and then tap on the option Your videos.
  • After that, you should hit the More More option, which you prefer. Now, hit the Edit option.
  • After that, you need to hit the Privacy setting option. Select any of these options— Public, Private, and Unlisted.
  • Then, tap on the back option and hit the SAVE button available at the top.

For iPhone & iPad:

  • Log in to the app on the iPhone and iPad first.
  • Now, follow the similar method that you have done for Android.

When Should You Make Your Video Private? 

These are three famous situations when you must need a private video setting.

Only For Family Purposes:

Do you live far away from your family? Have you got a holiday to share with your family? The private setting is perfect in this case. It allows you to share high-quality videos with them easily. No people can see the clips. Besides, your family members don’t need to download the video before seeing it.

Only For Company Members: 

Generally, through videos, you can share a lot of information in the shortest time. As a result, plenty of companies and organizations benefit from the video. You can share a guide of training new members, company’s policy, or update the company’s strategies through videos.

These are especially for merely internal circulation. That’s why we consider the private mode always as the best resolution for this situation. Thus, you can reduce the chances of leaking your contents.

Helpful For Applying For Jobs Or Attracting New Clients:

A few years ago, many candidates preferred to use video resumes, and it became the trend. This quality makes them unique in the list of dozens, hundreds, or thousands of applicants. Giving your CV to the recruitment team through this mode will save their time a lot. Besides, they must be impressed by your creativity and profession.

People who will get the invitation of the uploader can see the content only. Hence, HR will see your resume. They just need to tap on the link and can see the resume without downloading anything.

Videographers can also get benefits, but they should not make all videos public. There will be an issue for the author also that is related to copyright. If you have any sensitive topic, it can cause multiple negative feedback from strangers. It is when people are willing to use private videos. As soon as you post your private video, you can share it with potential clients directly.

When Should You Make Your Video Unlisted?

This type of video is a mixture of both Public video and private video. These appear in the search result, uploader’s channel, or the subscriber newsfeed. People who have links to these videos can easily watch them. Moreover, people treat this type of video like public ones.  For instance, if the content is improper or violates the copyrighted audio and video policy, YouTube will flag your videos.

Here, we have given a few situations when you require to use Unlisted videos.

Videos Posted On Your Website:

People who are running a blog or website must use the feature. It is constructive while you are going to make your content exclusive. When you switch your videos to the unlisted ones, these become invisible on Google and YouTube. Thus, you merely have to visit the web to watch your videos. It helps to increase the traffic amount on your page significantly.

Deleting Videos from Your Channel:

Plenty of people started to use this social media platform very early. Therefore, as you grow up, some videos may seem embarrassing to you while you mature. As a result, you want to remove them immediately. When you make your videos unlisted, these become invisible on your YouTube channels. But people who have links to the video can see them.

While Doing Surveys Before Publicizing:

When you upload videos, you will be glad to see the increase in the rate of positive feedback in your video’s comment. Users can share the videos in advance to them who they want.

Besides, they can see the reaction of people while switching to the public one. Thus, when you are going to publicize, you can know the method of dealing with the feedback from your viewers professionally. In this process, viewers will get better impressions about your channel. In this process, you can share clips and music with your fans quickly.

Publish Video At A Suitable Time:

People working as social media marketers have to publish their posts at the right time. Thus only, they can get attention from the crowd. It may be a few times in a day or a few days in weeks. However, you may feel confused waiting for that time. Rather than doing this, you should upload your video in unlisted mode. Then, you can schedule your time for publicizing.

Users can get two choices to schedule time for their video. These will be directly from YouTube or any other platform for social media distribution.

Many of us are familiar with social media platforms like YouTube. But we are still aware of this feature.

When Should You Make Your Video Public?

People can see Unlisted videos & playlists and share them. You should know that these won’t appear in the Videos tab of your channel homepage. No one can see it in YouTube’s search results until anyone adds your video to a public playlist.

How to Upload an Unlisted YouTube Video:

Wanna share your video with a large group of people? Willing to deliver “early access” to your newsletter subscribers? Then, you can upload your video as unlisted. It is a handy way to share online. If you want, you can set the video to public at a later date.

Here, we have given a method of uploading an unlisted video to YouTube.

  • First, your task is to sign in to the YouTube Studio. If you want, you can set up the channel you have.
  • Now, tap on the create option that is available at the top right. Then, your job is to tap on the Upload videos option.
  • Next, you should keep your videos in the upload videos box. You can select the files also by tapping on the select files button.
  • After that, your task is to fill out the video details. Then, you can add video elements as you want.
  • Choose the option “Unlisted” after that that is available under the visibility tab.
  • Now, your job is to tap on the Save button to publish your unlisted YouTube video.
  • At last, copy the link and then share it.

How to Unlist a YouTube Video:

Wanna clean up your YouTube channel? Want to delete some videos from your channel? If it is the case, then the best option is to unlist your video. Thus, you can easily keep the external links to your channel from websites. People sharing your videos help you to grow with more engaged viewers. The reason is that your current niche-related videos are the ones only that are suggested to them.

The process of Unlisting a video on YouTube is as follows:

  • First, sign in to YouTube Studio.
  • After that, your task is to choose your preferred content from the menu available on the left.
  • Navigate to the video now that you are willing to unlist. Tap on the public/private option that you can see under the visibility column. Hence, it relies on the visibility it had before.
  • As soon as you see the list of options, you are required to choose the option “Unlisted.”
  • After that, your job is to tap on the Publish option to save your video as unlisted.

Steps:

If you want to make many videos unlisted at a time, then follow this method.

  • First, sign in to YouTube Studio.
  • Then, choose the content you want for your video from the menu on the left.
  • Now, you are required to select every video that you want to unlist from the checkbox on the left. Choose the checkbox that is available at the top. You need to use the check box to select all videos on the current screen. There are many rows 10, 30, or 50. It relies on the number of rows. As soon as you tap on the checkbox at the top, you can choose all videos. Using the “Select all” option, you can easily make it done.
  • After choosing the videos you want to unlist, your job is to select the edit dropdown menu. After that, you have to hit the option “Visibility.”
  • Choose the option “Unlisted,” which is available in the following dropdown menu.
  • Now, tap on the “Update Videos” key for saving your changes. This update may consume a couple of minutes. But it relies on the number of videos you are going to update.

How to Upload a Private YouTube Video:

Uploading videos to this platform is a simple way to share a large video file. While uploading, you should set the mode as private. You can send them to colleagues for training, to family and friends.

The process of uploading a private YouTube video is as follows:

  • First, your task is to sign into YouTube Studio. You can set up your channel also.
  • Then, tap on the option Creates that is available at the top right. Then, tap on the
  • Upload videos option.
  • Now, your job is to keep your videos in the upload videos box. If you want, you can tap on the select files key to select the files.
  • After that, you are capable of filling out the video details. However, you should know that in this case, the video elements are not available. Therefore, you should skip the step.
  • Choose the “Private” option that is available under the visibility tab.
  • Whether you are willing to share it with anyone, then do it under the share privately option. You merely need to put their Google email addresses. Then, choose the option ‘notify by email.’ When you complete saving your video file, they will get notifications.
  • At last, your task is to tap on the save option for publishing your private YouTube video.

How to Share a Private YouTube Video:

As you know the difference between YouTube private vs unlisted, now see how you share the videos.

You are required to follow step by step to know the process of sharing a private YouTube video.

Step 1. First, your task is to log into your YouTube account. After signing in, tap on the profile picture available in the right corner of the page.

Step 2. Now, your job is to select the YouTube Studio to get its interface. After that, you should click on the Videos option. Now, you can view the uploaded videos listed here, like private videos and unlisted videos.

Step 3. As soon as you find the target video, tap on the title. It will help you to view the details of the video.

Step 4. Tap on the three dots available beside the Save button. After that, your job is to choose the share Privately option from the dropdown list.

Step 5.  At last, you are required to enter the email addresses of those whom you are willing to share. Save the changes that you want to make. To do this, return to YouTube Studio. You should know that in this case, a maximum of 50 email addresses can be entered.

How to Watch Private YouTube videos:

You can watch from the received email from the uploader. Go to the email and open it. Then, you can see the iconic YouTube red box that has three white horizontal dots. As soon as you tap on the link, the YouTube video will be available in a separate window.

How to Watch Unlisted YouTube videos:

For watching these videos, you need to navigate to the mail. Tap on the link available on the received mail. If you require the link only, then copy and paste the URL. After that, you can send the mail to other people.

Ensure that you share these videos only with trustworthy people who will get benefits from them.

YouTube Unlisted VS Private:

If you have an Unlisted YouTube video, it doesn’t appear in search results such as related videos, recommendations, and Subscriber feed. No one can see it on your channel. When you upload your video, it makes a URL link. Then, it helps to change the setting as Unlisted. People who are aware of the link are capable of visiting and watching the unlisted video.

It is not mandatory to have Google accounts. Therefore, while you are willing to share the video with someone, you must send the link only. Whether your video has some sensitive information, YouTube video Private is a better option in unlisted vs Private YouTube comparison.

Private videos are quite different. These don’t appear in search results, channels, related videos, recommendations, and Subscriber feed.  Invitees are capable of seeing the videos only. People who are willing to see a private video must have an active Google account. After that, they can get the invitation from the video uploader. An uploader can allow up to 50 users to view his private content.

Which One Should You Choose:

Private ones are the most secure type. You cannot download a private video which is one of the differences in the private vs. unlisted YouTube chart.

Conclusion:

While you are on the web, protecting privacy is very essential. YouTube private and unlisted settings have a barrier from the public. Whether you want to secure your videos, then YouTube videos private is the best option. However, it does not completely depend on the level of security you want.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  •  Is unlisted safe on YouTube?

People who are larger, more security-conscious businesses and have a huge amount of sensitive info must not use Unlisted YouTube videos. The reason is that you are unable to control your intended viewer in sharing your URL with someone.

  • Can subscribers see private videos?

People who are invited by the uploader can view these videos. These are not available in any search results. As a subscriber, you won’t get any notification while a private video is uploaded.

  • Can an unlisted YouTube video be embedded?

Users can set the videos to “unlisted” rather than making them “private.” Thus, they can restrict them from showing up on your channel or any search results. However, if you have the link to the video, then you can view it. Besides, you are capable of embedding the video also on any site.

 

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How to Delete Win Log Files in windows 10

How to Delete Win Log Files in windows 10

If you are a Windows user, you will find a lot of unnecessary documents and folders available in Windows. There are plenty of hidden caches, old junks that take up space. You can delete them from your Operating System, but it may be challenging. This blog post is all about ‘How to Delete Win Log Files in windows 10’ for the File Edge Readers.

If you are willing to free up disk space, then you can remove Win log files in Windows 10. Here, we have given a lot of ways through which you can remove the log files.

What do you mean by Win Log Files in Windows 10?

Windows always store a record of the operation you are doing on it. It saves the records in the directory to its log files. We know the log files as Win log files also. Generally, the files can be found by navigating to the path – C:\Windows\System32\winevt or C:\Windows\System32\config. However, it relies on the windows version.

The files can consume huge disk space of your hard drive and may have large sizes. If you are willing to free up the disk space, it is essential to remove them from your computer or laptop.

Location in Windows 10:

Users can find these log files easily in Windows 10. But as a user, you should know the location of the event viewer default path and the event logs. If you know the location, it becomes very beneficial when you are going to resolve the problem or clear the Windows log files.

You should know that two folders are there, and it relies on the Windows version you are using.

You can go to the folder of:-

%windir%\System32\Winevt\Logs\

In case it doesn’t work, you should then navigate to the folder location given there:-

%windir%\System33\config\

You need to ensure that the %windir% you are using is the directory of your PC’s Operating System.

What Does The Event Log Store? 

Users can access the event log with the help of Windows Event Viewer. It was invented in 1993. Those who are administrators are capable of using this to view actions in five categories that are as follows: application, security, setup, System, and forwarded events.

If you cannot perform the steps completely, the error codes with recently installed updates will display. If you are an Admin, you can access installed apps, Office notifications like “Want to save your changes to x.docx?”.

This windows event log doesn’t keep too many personal details like the text from web pages or documents, mouse clicks’ records, desktop screenshots, etc. However‌, these should not fall into the wrong hands as they can use these to attack.

You should remove these log files for maintenance purposes. Thus, you can free up hard drive space. In case you find the event log cleared, it may be someone else who is hiding something. This article will let you know how to remove a Windows log file using both the Event Viewer program and an Event Viewer command in PowerShell.

How to Delete Win Log Files in windows 10:

The event log of windows is capable of offering an entire record of a user’s activity. If someone accesses the event log file, they will know about your private information. That’s why if you are willing to keep your privacy protected, you are required to remove the event log daily on your computer or laptop. Users should do this thing regularly to clear the Windows event log. Let me explain How to Delete Win Log Files in windows 10.

  1. Delete Event log:

Multiple ways are there to remove event log files with the help of the Windows native interface and a third-party tool.

  •  Removing the Event logs:

The event log may store an in-depth record of your activity on the windows. As a result, if anyone attains the log file, they may know about your activity. It is possible to remove the event log from your OS’s interface directly. Users can use the Command Prompt to remove the event log. This method of removing the event logs through the Windows native interface.

  • First of all, your task is to access the Event Viewer window. If you are willing to do, then you should open the Run prompt. After that, you should give the “eventvwr.msc” command to launch.
  • You should tap on the Windows and X buttons on the keyboard together. It will help you to get a quick access menu. Choose the option “Event Viewer,” and then you should open the Window.
  • After that, you can launch the Event Viewer interface. You are capable of accessing the event logs and editing these as per your requirements.
  • Next, you can access most logs available under the “Windows Log” section. It is available on the left panel. If you’re willing to free up any log, choose the option and then tap on that. Now, you should select the “Clear Log” option.
  • If you are willing to remove application logs, you should choose the “Application” option and tap on that. You can see there all the options. Tap on the “Clear Log” option.
  • If you are willing, you are capable of removing the Windows event log selectively. Choose the event log type by going to the left panel to clear it. After that, you can access the log you prefer to remove from the right panel. Then, you should select the “Clear Log” option from the list.
  • As soon as you choose “System” from the left panel, you must make a selection on the right side. Then, you should select the “Clear Log” action to eliminate the event log.
  • When you finish completing the selection, a pop-up message appears in front of you. It allows you to remove the logs or clear them after saving them.
  • Finally, you should make the final selection and wait for some moments. It is because Windows will remove the event log from it.

Depending on the windows version, the correct technique and interface vary. You are capable of storing the documents again after performing a recovery operation. If a user wants to permanently remove the event log files except for any recovery scope, use a third-party data eraser tool.

  • Remove Windows Event Log Entirely:

When you go through the instructions, you are capable of removing the Windows event log. If you cannot remove the files permanently, you will require a reliable data eraser tool. You can use the Data Eraser tool to delete your information completely within seconds. This tool comes with a simple-to-use interface. You can remove internet activities, system traces, and apps, event logs, etc. We have given here a few features of the tool.

  • Stellar BitRase is very useful if you are willing to delete the various types of system traces.
  • Using the tool, you are capable of freeing up unused and empty space.
  • This tool supports almost all windows versions.
  • Users can use the tool for removing internet activities, data files, app data, etc.
  • As soon as you complete the method successfully, it will offer a deletion certificate.
  • The tool features various types of algorithms that you are capable of selecting from its settings.
  • It doesn’t give any recovery scope and helps to remove your data permanently.
  • Stellar BitRase comes with a scheduler that allows you to remove your data automatically.
Steps:

1: First, your task is to download this tool on the Windows PC. After that, you are required to launch the tool.

2: Tap on the option “System Traces,” After that, you should access the significant features from the right panel.

3: You should then scroll the page down to look for the option of “Windows Event Log.”

4: Your task is to choose the option. Then, hit the “Erase Now” button for deleting the Windows event log. Thus, you are capable of erasing your event log files quickly from the Operating System.

With the help of BitRaser, you are capable of deleting the event log except for creating an issue. You merely have to tap on the option once, and the Windows event log will be removed permanently.

You are not required to wait anymore as the tool is here to help you. It helps to protect your privacy. You are capable of removing almost all system traces and Windows event logs from their interactive interface. The tool becomes useful for multiple occasions to keep your privacy protected.

  1. Using the GUI:

Users can move to the Settings of the Event Viewer GUI easily. Use GUI whether you are not willing to work with command-line tools. You need to go through the steps for launching the event viewer. It will help you to remove the event log.

  • First, your task is to navigate to a Run dialog and open it.
  • After that, you should select the option eventvwr.msc. Next, you should tap on these Ctrl + Shift + Enter buttons at the same time. You should have admin rights while launching the Event Viewer tool.
  • Then, your job is to tap on the small arrow option to expand the folders by going to the leftmost pane. You will get the option available next to the folder.
  • When you navigate to the list of entries, you should choose the entry option from the middle pane. Then, your task is to tap on the Clear Log, which you can see from the Action section in the rightmost pane.
  • The shift button can be used to choose various types of entries in the middle pane.
  • You are required to repeat all the steps for all entries. The method may look quite long, but it is very easy to navigate through.

Delete Saved Console.log:

Every console file comes with a function of recording recent activities. We don’t give importance to these because of their small size. As a result, the error remains. You should occasionally check the log files to offer the solutions.

  • First, navigate to the Event Viewer and launch it.
  • Then, your job is to go to the File option available in the menu and then move to the Options. It shows you the disk space available in the file and the area consumed by the saved files.
  • After that, you are required to tap on the Disk Cleanup option and then navigate to the Delete Files.
  • Finally, you should tap on the Exit option and then tap the OK button.
  1. Use PowerShell:

If you are willing to use a very strong command-line tool, then use it for removing the log files. You should just go through the steps that are:

  • First, your task is to navigate to the PowerShell and open it after that as an admin.
  • To do this, move to the Start menu first. If you still have not exchanged PowerShell with CMD, you must navigate to the WinX menu.
  • After that, your task is to write the command given and then hit the Enter button:

wevtutil el | Foreach-Object {wevtutil cl “$_”}

powershell_clear_all_event_logs

  • Once you write the command, it will remove almost all the event logs available in your Windows 10.
  1. Use Windows Disk Cleanup:

  • Hence, you should first tap on the option This PC. After that, you should choose the option Properties.
  • Navigate to the General tab after that and then tap on the Disk Cleanup option. As soon as you tap on the option, it will begin to calculate the volume of temporary files needed to be deleted.
  • Then, you should choose all the items, such as System archived Windows error reporting.
  • Finally, you are required to tap on the OK key.

How to Do Disk Cleanup:

Windows Update Cleanup: You should delete this as it removes the old copies of Windows Update files. Users can remove them easily, but it is essential to troubleshoot if they run into update-related issues.

Windows Upgrade Log Files: Windows keeps the data files for troubleshooting problems around installations. Whether you don’t encounter any Windows up-gradation issues, you should remove them.

Language Resource Files: Whether you have downloaded another language or keyboard layout, you can delete it.

Recycle Bin: The process of deletion is similar to the Recycle Bin. Ensure that there doesn’t exist anything inside it.

Temporary Files: Users don’t use temporary files for long periods. Therefore, deleting these won’t cause any effect.

These are the things you are capable of removing from Windows 10.

  1. The Hibernation File:

Location: C:\hiberfil.sys

This mode is similar to the sleep mode. In this case, the System stores all the openwork and saves it to the storage drive. After that, you should close the operating System. It is possible to erase the battery from the PC and keep the PC on hibernation mode. After that, you are required to begin the backup and then start from where you left off. The hibernation file consumes plenty of gigabytes, but it relies on the hard drive size.

Users can take help of the command prompt in case they don’t prefer to use hibernation and disable it. Ensure that you are not removing the hiberfil.sys only as your windows are capable of making it again.

You should then tap on the Start key or hit the Win + X buttons. After that, you are required to navigate to the resulting menu and open Windows PowerShell (Admin) window or a Command Prompt (Admin). Hence, you should write the command for turning off the hibernation:

powercfg.exe /hibernate off

It is all the things you need to do to turn off hibernation. Your windows will remove the hiberfil.sys. You should know that turning off the hibernate mode will stop the PC and won’t allow using fast startup.

  1. Windows Temp Folder:

Location: C:\Windows\Temp

These temporary files are required only when in initial use. The folders and files keep the details of the windows used at one time.

Navigate to the folder despite removing it with the help of Disk Cleanup. Then, you should erase the contents necessary. To do this, you must tap Ctrl + A buttons to choose all the options inside it. After that, you should tap on the Delete option. You can encounter some errors in your windows. Hence, you are merely required to remove everything else.

  1. The Recycle Bin:

Location: shell:RecycleBinFolder

It is a folder available below the C:\ drive. Users don’t have to access the drive. While users remove any files, Windows send them to this folder. It is storage where all the removed files are kept. When you erase them from that place, then these will be deleted permanently. If you want, you can restore the deleted files again.

The folder is available as a shortcut on the desktop of your laptop or computer. Therefore, it is simple to access. However, if you won’t find this, you should write shell:RecycleBinFolder into the navigation bar of File Explorer. After entering into the recycle bin, you can find all the things deleted instantly.

When you are going to erase them, you should tap on the individual items. Here, you should tap on the Delete option to remove them permanently. You can select the Restore option to get the file back to its real place. There are buttons available on the top of Ribbon’s Recycle Bin Tools tab. These help to clear the folder at a time and store the files again.

Tap on the Recycle Bin properties for tweaking through which the folder works. Hence, you are capable of changing the maximum bin size. If you want, you have to select the option Don’t move files to the Recycle Bin.

If you tap on the option, your Windows will skip the bin and erase items permanently. However, it is not recommended to use it to restore any file deleted mistakenly from the recycle bin. You can use the Display delete confirmation dialog, but you require an additional file to use this.

  1. Downloaded Program Files:

Location: C:\Windows\Downloaded Program Files

You may find the name of the folder a little bit confusing. The function of the folder is to hold files that Internet Explorer’s ActiveX controls and Java applets use. However, people who are using a similar feature are not required to download the file twice.

But it has become useless nowadays. You should know that ActiveX has become old & outdated technology. It is full of security holes and compatible with Internet Explorer only. It can be seen only on ancient corporate websites recently.

Generally, people are not using IE anymore. The folder containing Downloaded Program Files may be empty. You can remove the contents easily, so don’t hesitate.

  1. Rempl Folder:

Location: C:\Program Files\rempl

The folder doesn’t come in a big size. Therefore, while you see this on the Operating System, you may be surprised. It contains multiple small files. There are some Task Manager methods also connected to it.

It has a connection to Windows 10 update delivery. This folder contains “reliability improvements” that help to perform Windows 10 updates easily.

  1. Use Command Prompt:

With the help of the Windows command-line utility tool, users are capable of doing any task. We can take the help of the command prompt for removing the event viewer in Windows 10. Users can use this for removing individual log files. If necessary, you can remove the entire event log.

We have given here a few steps following which you are capable of removing all Windows log files.

  • First, your task is to navigate to the elevated command prompt and open it then. To do this, you need to navigate to the Windows search context menu. If you want, you can go to the Run dialog. Use hence Ctrl + Shift + Enter buttons to open the command prompt with the admin.
  • With the help of the change directory command, you should navigate to the event viewer default path.

cd %windir%\system32\config

  • Write this command for removing all the win log files. Then, you should hit the Enter button.

del *.log /a /s /q /f

delete_win_log_files_using_cmd

  • As soon as you do this, the .log extension files will no more available on your PC.
  1. Erase Single Log Files Taking Help of Command Line:

You can even erase the log files of individual files. Go through the commands that needed to be entered.

Step 1: Hence, your task is to move to another command prompt with admin and open it then.

Step 2: You should now list all the log files. To do this, first, you should type the command given below. After typing, you should tap on the Enter button.

.wevtutil el

Step 3: You can see there is a list available on display. People who are willing to remove the required log file need to write the following command. After that, you should hit the Enter button.

wevtutil cl <name of the log>

As soon as you do this, it will help you to remove the required log from the Event Viewer file.

  1. Create A Command File for Removing Log Files Automatically:

If you are trying the latest experimental features, it may happen that you have made plenty of win log files on the PC.in this case, you should know the process of erasing the log files in Windows 10 automatically.

Make a .cmd file to make the process automated. You should go through the steps for making this command file.

  • First, you should go to a text editor such as Notepad or MS visual code. Open it after that.
  • Then, your job is to write the code and perform copy & paste in the editor.

@echo off

FOR /F “tokens=1,2*” %%V IN (‘bcdedit’) DO SET adminTest=%%V

IF (%adminTest%)==(Access) goto noAdmin

for /F “tokens=*” %%G in (‘wevtutil.exe el’) DO (call :do_clear “%%G”)

echo.

echo Event Logs have been cleared! ^<press any key^>

goto theEnd

:do_clear

echo clearing %1

wevtutil.exe cl %1

goto :eof

:noAdmin

echo You must run this script as an Administrator!

echo ^<press any key^>

:theEnd

pause>NUL

  • Use the extension command prompt file to save the command name in any place you want.

clear_log_files_cmd_file

  • After that, your task is to run the command file as administrator. To do this, you need to select the right option from the right-click context menu.
  • Here, a command prompt window will open in front of you. Then, all the log files are removed automatically.

You should run the file as admin for removing event log files.

  1. Use CCleaner to Clear Log Files:

People who are using the drive-maintenance program CCleaner can scan the files. You are capable of removing the files except by downloading a dedicated log cleaner program. Hence, you need to open the tool as you normally do. As soon as you open the “Cleaner” menu, your job is to hit the “Windows” tab. Then, you should scroll down the page. After that, you must tap on the check box marked as the “Windows Log Files” option. Next, you should choose the option “Run Cleaner.” When the tool recognizes the system for those files you can remove, tap on the key again. It will help you to erase the Windows log files along with other chosen files. You are required to ensure the deletion of the log files, but it relies on the configuration process of the CCleaner installation.

  1. Use Third-Party App for Erasing Log Files Windows 10:

Plenty of third-party cleaner apps are there, which you can use to remove temporary files and other junk files. In this case, you are capable of using an app to erase the event log files.

Along with the most famous tool CCleaner, you can use BitRaser For File. CCleaner helps to clear up all junk files on the PC for free. BitRaser For File is a powerful file deletion software that you can use here.

How Can You View Windows Log Files?

The method of viewing the Windows log files is as follows:

First, your job is to tap on the Start button on the Taskbar of your PC.

After that, your job is to tap on the All Programs option.

Next, you should tap the Accessories menu item.

Now, you should hit the option WordPad application.

After doing this, you will see a new Wordpad window.

Hence, you should tap on the File menu option.

Then, you have to hit the option Open menu item.

Finally, your job is to move to the log file that you prefer. Then, you are required to hit the Open button.

Final Words:

In this article, you must have learned How to Delete Win Log Files in windows 10. Whether you are willing to remove log files, the methods given here are perfect. We hope you will find these easy to apply. Select any one of these first and perform after that accordingly.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  • Can you remove CBS log files?

You should first remove all existing log files in \Windows\Temp directory. After that, your task is to prevent The Windows Module Installer services. Then, you should remove the \Windows\Logs\CBS\CBS.log file. Hence, you are required to begin the Windows Module Installer service. It helps you to recreate the CBS.log.

  • Is it safe for removing the Windows upgrade log files?

If you want, you are capable of erasing the Windows Upgrade Log Files. But for this, your job is to solve the error if you cannot complete the up-gradation process successfully. When you choose the disk cleanup software, you should tap on the OK button to erase the documents. As soon as you tap on the Cleanup System Files, it will help you to erase more junk files.

 

  • Can you remove event log files?

Now, you are capable of removing event log files easily from your Operating System. Just take the help of online tools to remove the files and the event log without making any issues. Thus, you can remove the event log files permanently just with one tap. You only have to erase the Windows event log along with the system traces from the interface, while using online tools.

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Internet Security

Cyberattacks Ramp up as More and More Employees Work from Home

Cyberattacks Ramp up as More and More Employees Work from Home

Even with coronavirus vaccines now rolling out around the world, it seems that the days of working from home are going to continue for the foreseeable future. In many cases, companies and organizations which were reluctantly pushed to embrace remote working capabilities during COVID-19 have realized that these come with certain advantages — including, long-term, the opportunity to lower expensive office rental costs by not requiring the entire workforce to be present in the office at the same time.

Many workers have embraced working from home, too; no longer necessitating them to commute to and from work every day in order to get their job done. At present, an estimated one in three workers in the United States are working exclusively at home. Similar numbers are seen in many other countries.

Unfortunately, cyber attackers have also wasted no time in coming up with ways to take advantage of the various accompanying remote working. For those without the right cyber security platform, remote working technologies can be abused to allow new kinds of attack to take place — with potentially devastating results.

New kinds of cyber attack

One of the big trends during COVID-19 working from home has been an uptick in instances of phishing-related cyber attacks. Attackers have seized on the working from home trend with phishing strategies that prey on the “new normal” by, for instance, sending emails that appear to be from office IT service departments requesting users to click links to reset their log-in passwords.

Even more daring are messages purporting to be from senior staff, such as chief executives, asking employees to initiate rapid money transfers. Since people are working remotely in an unprecedented situation, workers may not immediately recognize these as fraud since they are already having to adapt on multiple fronts to new workplace practices.

Challenges of working from home

Home-working makes it tougher for businesses or organizations to monitor what staff may be doing. However, the fact that remote access allows employees to log-in to workplace systems means that just one or two people falling for a phishing message could compromise an entire network or computer system. In the event that attackers are able to fraudulently gain foothold in a system, they may then be able to elevate their privilege levels to administrator, move laterally throughout the system, and cause damage through vandalism or by exfiltrating sensitive data.

A survey by a UK-based solicitors firm underlined how ill-prepared many organizations have been to deal with the cyber security aspect of working from home. Among its findings were the fact that two out of three companies have not got adequate password protection or encryption practices in place — while one in every five employees said they had received no data protection guidelines or training on the subject of cyber security. While companies may not wish to overwhelm already stretched employees with a crash course in areas like data handling, these are vitally important areas that companies and organizations cannot simply ignore.

Another recent survey suggested that 85% of chief information security officers (CISOs) said that they had made sacrifices in the area of cybersecurity so as to make it easier for employees to carry out remote working. At the same time, 63% of respondents acknowledged that they had seen an increased number of cyber attacks.

A strategy to protect against attacks

There is no one-stop-shop fix when it comes to putting preventative steps in place. It must be a multi-pronged strategy that includes regular training for staff about how to respond to suspicious links or requests, limiting user access through privileged access management tools so as to make it harder for breaches to spread through an entire system, and increasing the usage of security measures like multi-factor authentication and strong encryption.

This latter point means that, even if attackers are able to steal a password or exfiltrate data, they will not be able to use it in a meaningful manner. Wherever possible, companies and organizations should ensure that their systems are kept updated, so as to protect against discovered vulnerabilities which have subsequently been patched.

It is also vital that you employ the right tools to protect you. Cyber security tools include the likes of Data Loss Prevention (DLP) systems, Runtime Application Self-Protection (RASP), Web Application Firewalls (WAF), advanced bot protection, and more. These can be used to — among other things — identify potential attacks and quickly respond by blocking them and alerting the right people.

Cyber attackers targeting employees working from home isn’t likely to change any time soon. If the “new normal” of home working really does become standard in the years to come — even after the end of coronavirus — these threats will only ramp up. However, by acting quickly and decisively would-be targets can protect themselves, their employees, and their customers.

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AppsInternet Security

How to Block Voicemail in Your Smartphone

How to Block Voicemail in Your Smartphone

Voicemail usually depends on the carrier services. You can’t block it by using your smartphone as there exists no way to block unknown calls until you disable it on your carrier line. Want to know how to block voicemail? If yes, then go through our article. It is beneficial for both iPhone and Android users.

How to Block voicemail Calls on iPhones

Do you use an iPhone 8 or upgraded version of it? Then, follow these steps to know how to block voicemail calls on the iPhone.

  • First, go to the Recent Calls tab that you can get in your Phone app.
  • After opening the app, you have to click on the “i” icon. It is available on the right side of the number. Then, find the number that you want to block.
  • If the number exists in your contact list, tap on the contact details. Then, open the page of that particular contact.
  • After opening the contact page, you need to scroll the page down.
  • At last, click on the Block option to block the caller.

But this process has two disadvantages. Those are:-

  • Spammers use the same number very rarely. They use the area code and three-digit prefix where you live. It is known as the “neighborhood spoofing” technique. By using this process, they call you from different numbers. You are unable to block most of the spam calls.
  • The notification of calls will go to voicemail, although these are blocked by you.

How to Block voicemail on Android Phones

If you are an Android user, then you will get a built-in call blocking system in your Phone. It is similar to the system of the iPhone. Here, you only need to tap on the number of your call log. And then, you have to tap on the ‘Block’ or ‘Report’ option. But Android Phones have two drawbacks, like Apple iPhones.

Android smartphones can detect the unknown number automatically. And with the help of the in-built system, it can block the spam calls. As a result, the spam callers can’t call you further. It is a default feature in your Phone. In case, it is not set as default, you need to go to the settings option first. Then, go to the Caller ID & spam option. While doing the method, you need to check whether both the Caller ID & spam and Filter spam call options are toggled on or not.

Nowadays, Google Pixel phones contain a new feature that permits Google Assistant to answer unknown numbers or spam calls. Therefore, thou can decide whether you will receive the call or hang it up.

Google Assistant usually picks up the call. As it doesn’t hang up the call, therefore the call is not sent to voicemail.

How to block voicemail by using Spam Blocking Apps

Multiple apps are available in the Apple App Store and Google Play. These apps help to let you know how to block voicemail.You can use the apps to block the calls. But while installing the apps, you need to make sure that you are giving full access to your phone, texts, contacts to them. It will increase the risk of misuse of your Phone. These apps can block the unknown calls easily but don’t prevent the calls from going to voicemail.

Use Google Voice to block: 

It is a nice way to block spam calls and prevent them from going to voicemail. When you use this process, you need to convert first Google Voice as your primary number. And then, you have to stop using your old number. Then, you need to use voice to block known spam calls. There are three ways to block calls.

  • You can send calls to voicemails.
  • Treat the call as spam calls.
  • You can block the number.

Here, the main disadvantage is that the Google voice number is the main number. But you can’t make sure that the spam callers won’t call you further or not. Even they can call you using the local codes of your area.

Extreme Call Blocker: 

You can use this app also for blocking calls, but you need to pay for this. It is available on Google Play Store. With the help of this app, your Phone can reject the spam call or unknown call. And it doesn’t allow the caller to leave a voicemail. This app has two options: ‘Hang-up no voicemail’ and ‘Allow call no voicemail.’ In the first one, when the spam callers call you, your phone will go into vibration mode. Here, you won’t get any notification also. And in the second one, your phone won’t ring too. But the difference is that here you will get a missed call alert. The caller can hear the ring in both cases. And after some time, the call will end.

Call Voicemail Blocker: 

This app is available in the Google Playstore. It contains a feature that hangs-up the call of blocked numbers. Therefore, the calls don’t go to voicemail.

Call Control Call Blocker: 

It has three options to block the unknown numbers— Disconnect, Ignore, and Send to Voicemail. Besides, Call Control Call blocker app also contains a Do Not Disturb option.

No More Voicemail: 

No More Voicemail app can help you in this case. It is an app that offers you free use. The main work of the app is to forward the call to another number. All the main carriers— AT&T, T-Mobile, Sprint are included with it. As soon as thou download and install the app, you need to activate the number.

Contact your carrier: 

The easiest solution is to take help from your carrier service. You can disable the voicemail from them. However, it is not the final solution. It is because sometimes you can’t attend an important call. For this, the caller needs to text you; otherwise, you will not be able to know about the important message. AT&T, Sprint, Verizon, and T-Mobile charges are some carrier blocking services that can help you in this case. Carrier has the technical ability to detect the origin of the spam call and prevent the blocked calls by going to voicemails.

Conclusion: This article will let you know how to block voicemail on Android phones and iPhones. Besides, you will also learn about some apps that help you to block the spam calls.

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