Technology News

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Creepy Facebook Artificial Intelligence Story that Captivated the Media

Creepy Facebook  Artificial Intelligence Story that Captivated the Media

Artificial Intelligence of Robot – Dangerous

Newspapers have revealed that it seems that artificial intelligence AI tends to be out to get us.  The Mirror had stated that `Robot intelligence is dangerous’ – experts have cautioned after Facebook artificial intelligence develop their own language. Facebook had shut off artificial intelligence experiment when two robots had begun speaking in their own language which only they could comprehend and experts have called the incident exhilarating though also creepy.

The chatbots had revised English in making it easier for them to communicate, creating sentences which sounded prattle to the watching scientists. Identical stories also seem to show up in the Sun, the Independent, and the Telegraph as well as in various other publications.  Facebook had published a blog post, sometime in June regarding an interesting research on chatbot programs that had short, text-based chats with humans or other bots.

The story had been covered by New Scientist together with the others at that point of time. Facebook had been investigating with bots which had negotiated with each other regarding the ownership of computer-generated items. It was a struggle to comprehend how linguistic tends to play a role with such discussions played for negotiating parties as well as crucially the bot had been programmed to try-out with language to see how that could affect their control in the discussion.

Bot Chatting in Imitative Shorthand

Some coverage had picked up on the fact that in a few cases the exchanges had been initially – absurd, a few days thereafter. Though some of the reports imply that the bots at this point of time had developed a new language for the purpose of evading their human masters, an improved explanation is that the neural networks were just attempting to modify human language for more successful interactions, whether their approach seemed to work or not was another issue.

 Artificial Intelligence -1

As Gizmodo, the technology news site had mentioned that `in their attempt in learning from each other, the bot thus started chatting back and forth in a imitative shorthand though while it would seem creepy, that’s all it was’.  Artificial intelligence which tends to rework English as we are aware of, in order to compute a task better, are not new.  Google had informed that the translation software had been done at the time of development.

It had mentioned in a blog that the network needs to be encoding something about the semantics of the sentence.  Earlier in the year, Wired had had reported on a researcher at OpenAI who had been working on a system wherein AIs devise their own language, refining their ability in order to process information rapidly and thereby confront complex issues much more efficiently.

Cultural Uncertainties

The Artificial intelligence story gained more strength recently due to a verbal argument over the possible dangers of artificial intelligence between Mark Zuckerberg, chief executive of Facebook and technology entrepreneur Elon Musk.

However, the Artificial intelligence story that has been reported tends to tell more regarding the cultural uncertainties as well as the representations of the machines that it does regarding the facts of this specific case. And the fact remains that robots tends to make for great villains on the big screen.

Though in the actual world that we tend to live in, artificial intelligence seems to be a big area of research at the moment and presently the systems that have been developed and verified seem to be gradually complex. One of the consequences of this is that it is frequently uncertain how neural networks tend to come to produce the output that they tend to do particularly when two are set up in order to interact with each other without the interference of human intervention as in the case of the Facebook experiment. Hence some have been debating that putting artificial intelligence in systems like the autonomous weapons seems to be risky.

Artificial Intelligence, Rapidly Progressing Field

It is also the reason why ethics for artificial intelligence seems to be a rapidly progressing field and the technology would be definitely touching our lives much more directly in the near future.  However the system of Facebook has been utilised for research and not for public-facing applications.

It had been shut down since it had been doing something the team did not seem to be interested in reviewing, not because they believed that they had stumbled on an existential threat to mankind. It is also essential to be recall that in general, chatbots seem to be very difficult to develop.

Facebook, in fact had recently intended to limit the rollout of its Messenger chatbot platform when it had discovered that several of the bots on it had been unable to address the queries of its 70% users.  Obviously, chatbots can be automated which can seem like humans and could even deceive us in some circumstances too. However, it is unlikely to think that they are also capable of plotting a rebellion and at least the one at Facebook would certainly not seem to be risky.

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Stamp :Google Creating Snapchat Discover Competitor

Stamp :Google Creating Snapchat Discover Competitor

Stamp: Google’s similar to  Snapchat is on the way

How to make news more interesting to younger generation? The answer to this question will Google with “Stamp” possibly will deliver very soon.

In recent times, news flared around the Internet that Google wanted to buy Snapchat for an exorbitant amount. Although the company that owned the application rejected its offer. It seems that Google has not taken this decision very well because they surprise with their new move. Apparently, the company is working on its own version of Snapchat. In fact, it is already in full development. And we know his name and some of the details about this project.

In the fast-paced information age, it is difficult to attract the attention of people for an extended period of time. To spread news and media content, Google is now planning a feature called “Stamp”, which is similar to Snapchats “Discover” mode.

The service is to be built around Google’s AMP feature, by which websites load faster. Looks the whole thing similar to Snapchat. For example, on mobile devices, wiped-out boxes with attractively prepared content such as text, photo or video content could be distributed. Among other things “Time”, the “Washington Post” and “CNN” already had an interest in the project. Already next week “Stamp” could be officially presented.

Under the name of Stamp – the idea of this project is suspiciously similar to the one of Snapchat. It is a collection of stories formed in the form of slides. It can consist of images, video or text. Does this ring to you?

Stamp: Google creates its own Snapchat

Like Facebook did when Snap spurned their offer to buy in, Google is devoted to repeating the content of Snapchat. Other advantageous of the long listing of applications that copy to the hot app. The procedure of Stamp prospect to be indistinguishable to that of Snapchat. Users will be capable to post stories that are consists of images or videos. As well as they can also include text or labels.

It has also been revealed that Stamp would be based on AMP (Accelerated Mobile Pages). For those who do not know what this means, say that it is a system that delivers a spectacular page loading speed. So Stamp would load very fast. Another aspect that several media have reported on Stamp, is that it would not need to be downloaded. But Google plans to incorporate it into the phones. Although it is something that has not been confirmed at the moment. What does appear to be confirmed is that the content will appear in Google searches. This can give huge exposure to the creators of such content.

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Spiky Ferrofluid Thrusters Can Move Satellites

Spiky Ferrofluid Thrusters Can Move Satellites

Thrusters Designed With Ferrofluid to Push Satellites into the Orbit

The space exploration will never be the same again with the developed of a new thruster model which is better and aggressive at work than anything available today. This thruster makes use of the ionic liquid ferrofluid which is great for the task of propelling small satellites to the space.

This liquid has been developed by a doctoral candidate named Brandon Jackson from the Michigan Technological University. The computational model designed by Jackson has shown the capability of this liquid which has the characteristic of spiking.It shouldn’t come as a surprise that more than1300 active satellites are there in the earth’s orbit. The size of the satellites ranges from the shoebox or Smartphone to a small school bus. The current advancement in the satellite and computational system has made it possible to build such small satellite which can perform all the functions which are usually done by the large satellites.

Secondly it has been found that maneuvering small satellites are quite easier, quicker and efficient than the large ones.  The method devised by Jackson of the electro spray will be great for propelling the small satellites into the space.

The advantages of using the Ferrofluids

Two prominent professors at Michigan Tech namely L. Brad King and Elaine Starr has been successful a new kind of micro thruster which has the ability to assemble on its won from the propellant when it enters in the magnetic field. The best thing about this tiny thruster is that it doesn’t need fragile needles and happens to be essentially indestructible.

How Ferrofluids works?

King has shown that making use of Jackson’s iconic liquid ferrofluid that they had been able to build a powerful thruster for the small satellites.

When a metal is put underneath a small cup of ferrofluid then it results in creating a beautiful hedgehog structure of the aligned peaks which is quite breathtaking to look at. Later in their research it was found that by simply applying a stronger electric field helps in bringing an array of peaks and it was found that each one of peak emits quite a large sum of micro-jet of ions.

This specifically happens due to the Risenweig instability and in this experiment it is also seen that peak tends to heal them as well as regrow in case it is damaged.

The research on Ferrofluids will go on

In order to boost the study in the physics of the ferrofluids the AFOSR has awarded the King a second contract. King has stressed that they had learned a lot from the liquid and so far they had focused their efforts on modeling a single but now they will be scaling up their research towards modeling multiple peaks.

Now they will be bring new set of experiments on developing working thruster but it should be noted that such thruster are still years away from becoming a reality. The biggest challenge for the team will be to make 100 peaks and above and each of it having identical thrust.

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How to Power a Bus on Formic Acid

How to Power a Bus on Formic Acid

New Age Science Powers The Bus Using Just Formic Acid

Our reliance on the fossil fuels is causing a major to our planet which has resulted in the research towards finding better alternative fuel. In one such attempt a team of students from Eindhoven University of Technology has designed a new system which allows buses to run on formic acid.

The self-built system consists of a bus and a small trailer wherein formic acid is literally converted into electricity for powering the vehicle. Students had named this small trailer ‘REX’ and they are really proud of their efforts as they had brought a new fuel in form of formic acid which is highly sustainable, safe and happens to be CO2 neutral.

Formic Acid Bringing A New Future

The team of students behind this great invention is called Team FAST and they had come with a noble solution to counteract the rising dependence on the fossil fuels. Their fuel is called Hydrozine which comes loaded with 99% of formic acid along with a performance enhancing agent for better output. Team FAST consisted of 35 students who began working on the system in 2016 on a smaller scale but today they had brought a system which 42 thousand times stronger than their model and the ability to generate 25kW power.

The main process of powering the bus is done in the trailer where the new fuel hydrazine is split into hydrogen and CO2. This hydrogen is then effectively utilized to produce electricity which in turn helps in powering the bus. The trailer has been named REX which stands for ‘range extender’ as it acts as a standalone component and helps in expanding the range of the bus. The initial and final test results have shown favourable results and the team is hopeful of rolling out operational buses by this year end.

Varied Benefits And Commendable Future Application of Formic Acid

Hydrozine offers multiple benefits due to its being a cheap and safe alternative to any conventional or renewable source of energy. Transporting hydrogen has always required large tanks as well as high pressure but this cheaper fuel simply tends to does away all of it. The production of the CO2 in the process of splitting the hydrazine is such that it results zero net CO2 which means no major harm to the environment. The best thing about hydrazine is that the use of formic acid makes it four times rich in the energy density when compared to battery.

Team FAST has unveiled their system and showcased it results and finding at an event conducted on the VDMA premises in Eindhoven. They simply showcased the future to the audience wherein they didn’t brought the hydrozine and buses but also presented the first filling station for hydrazine. At the presentation audience got the chance to walk through the electric bus, understand the uses of hydrozine and what future holds for this unique environment friendly system. Their research on the development of this unique system has shown that the use of formic acid in hydrozine has brought the world a new safe and sustainable source of energy.

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Top 5 U.S Cities That Reach Extreme Temperatures During the Summer Months

Top 5 U.S Cities That Reach Extreme Temperatures During the Summer Months

While many cities in the US reach high temperatures in the summer months, there are some cities that are known for their warm weather year round. While these high temperatures might feel nice at first, it is important to note that heat exhaustion and other dangers can occur in extreme heat. Many of these cities use severe weather tracker tools to communicate heat index warnings when the temperatures are too high. Here is a list of five high-temperature cities in the US. If you plan on visiting one of these destinations, be sure to reference a real time lightning data throughout the day for your safety, and have fun!

Phoenix, AZ

Phoenix is known for being a city with some of the highest temperatures, but if you have never been there it can be difficult to understand just how hot this city can get. Phoenix averages a temperature over 90 degrees more than 170 days a year with the average temperature during the summer between 104-106 degrees.

Las Vegas, NV

Las Vegas might be known for its glittering lights and casinos, but it’s also known for its’ intense heat. Las Vegas temperatures reach over 90 degrees more than 130 days each year, and the city only sees rain about 25 days out of the entire year. The dry desert air adds an added heat that makes it feel as though you just opened an oven every time you walk outside.

Miami, FL

While the climate in Miami is nice for going to the beaches, the temperatures can reach a dangerous height in this tropical city. While the temperature in Miami doesn’t quite hit the100-degree mark like some other cities, the constant 90-degree weather every day, mostly year round can be difficult to endure.

San Antonio, TX

Temperatures in San Antonio have reached 90 degrees for a third of the year for the past several years according to records. The summers might even be one of the hottest in the country, with temperatures reaching up to 98 degrees which is more than any other city aside from Phoenix.

Tucson, AZ

Yes, another Arizona city is known for being the hottest in the state. Average temperatures of 90 degrees and up to 100 degrees in the summer place this city on the top of the list of cities in the U.S. with the highest temperatures.

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How to Keep the Fight for Net Neutrality Going

How to Keep the Fight for Net Neutrality Going

Net Neutrality – Killing The Net At The Moment

Sometimes we prefer to have something changed and in order to restore the peace and normal workflow there has to be change in almost every sector. Recently, hell broke loose for the internet users and the internet providers with regards to the net neutrality. Well, the largest and popular websites are also protesting the plan of US to bring the net neutrality into picture.
The top giant companies are trying their best to inspire the users in order to keep the internet usage same for all users and there should not be any sort of limitations or restrictions. Basically, net neutrality is defined as the principle where all the internet services will be delivered to all the users on an equal note by the telecom sectors. The main objective that they should not impose any sort of restrictions or block any kind of services. The services should be open for all and the speed should be same for all the users.

The Discussions About Net Neutrality

There are certain sites like the Netflix, which use a lot of data gets away with the rules. The America’s Federal Communications Commission is trying to cancel the law which got underway during the throne of Obama where it was decided to enforce the net neutrality. It was also decided that different networks should not charge different rates for the internet services. Now the internet service providers have gone against the law.

By doing this, there are many websites who pay huge amount of money to the service providers so that their website and the content gest loaded in a small amount of time. Here the internet service providers play their own cards.

The Critics of Net Neutrality

The websites are protesting against the law. The people are going crazy in the States and it is really matter of great concern for all. The banners have been spread out, messages have been sent out in order to take actions. Their primary objective is to have the net users send a written message to the FCC to have their say. The banners can be seen on the US soil whereas some have been spread world-wide.

The logo of the Reddit has been pixelated which proves that what slow speed of the internet can do. It can seriously affect in many ways. Well, Twitter has gone ahead and have added a hashtag# Net Neutrality. This is a customised image which is breaking the internet recently.

The Changes

The site Spotify has included a banner on its homepage for the US version and the Netflix will follow the same path. The other top giants like the Google and Amazon will also step into their shoes by doing the same thing but the time has not been decided yet. So, it is matter of great concern as it has created a conflict between the internet service providers and the global users. Well, millions have voiced the protest by writing to the FCC. Time will decide the fate.

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Signature Analysis of Single Molecules Using Their Noise Signals

Signature Analysis of Single Molecules Using Their Noise Signals

Signature Analysis: Scientists Discover Unique Noise Signatures in the Single Molecules

When we think of noise then it is seen as an unwanted sound in the environment which is useless for us. Quite incidentally noise is not just limited to the environment and organism but it is even found in the electronics in the form of the low-frequency random fluctuations. But in the scientific world noise is an interesting thing to study and understand it using noise signature analysis when it is emitted from the nanoscale electronics. This has even brought the possibility of creating such devices which can operate solely using the noise.Over the years scientists have found that materials having a high surface to volume ratio are best suited candidates to study the noise in nanoscale electronics. One such prime candidate for this job is carbon nanotubes. As the name suggests the carbon nanotubes are made up of rolled sheets of grapheme which are spread in hexagonal network. This particular design language ensures that the carbon nanotube structure has a thickness of just one carbon atom thereby making it the best suitable option for generating noise and studying it’s signature analysis at the same time.

The team behind this signature analysis

This signature analysis experiment has been a collaboration of Japanese researchers from the Osaka University wherein they wanted to explore ability of the single molecules through studying their affect to the noise. This signature analysis experiment was specifically limited to the carbon nanotube based nanoscale devices as stated earlier. This team built simple devices which had carbon nanotube bridging the two electrodes. Later on these devices were exposed to quite different yet large molecules which helped in detecting the unique noise signals. This particular experiment helped in understanding the properties of the molecules and how they interacted with the noise signature analysis tests.

They found that the each signal generated from this experiment by different molecules showcased their varied absorption rate. When this noise is absorbed by the molecule then it resulted in creating a trap state within the carbon nanotube and thereby changed its conductance.

Future applications of noise signature analysis

The heightened sensitivity of the carbon nanotube based devices was so high that it helped scientists in studying as well as detecting varied unique noise signature even from a single molecule with ease. The noise signature analysis gave them the ability to characterize the single molecules in different manner which brings further exciting applications for it in future. It can be utilized in developing highly sensitive nanoelectronics in future which will be finding huge usage in the sensors and most importantly in the neuro and the biosensor based devices.

One of the lead scientists on this project named Megumi Aksai Kasaya has stated that the noise signature analysis process has made it easier for them to identify molecular activity of the materials using the noise signals. Currently they are working on developing carbon based devices in order to illustrate how it has been made possible to detect single molecule by assessing their unique noise signatures.

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First Battery Free Cellphone Makes Calls by Harvesting Ambient Power

First Battery Free Cellphone Makes Calls by Harvesting Ambient Power

First Functional Battery free Cellphone – Zero Power

A cellphone that needs no battery which is a primary jump forward in moving beyond chargers, cords and dying phones has been considered by the scientists of University of Washington.

On the contrary the phone tends to gathers the few microwatts of power it tends to need from ambient radio signals or light. Their project is inclined to recognise speech, motivate the phones and then adjust between up link and down link conversations, in real time.

Their system is said to elevate transmission as well as reception of speech and at the same time harvest power that empowers the battery-free cellphone to function constantly. Skype calls had also been made by the group by   utilising the battery-free phone, representing that the model made of commercial, off-the-shelf component could obtain as well as convey speech and communicate with a base station.

The new technology is said to be detailed in a paper which has been published on July 1 in the Proceedings of the Association for Computing Machinery on Interactive, Mobile, Wearable and Ubiquitous Technologies.

Co-author Shyam Gollakota, a junior professor in the Paul G. Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering at the UW had stated that they have built what they believe is the first functioning cellphone which tends to consume almost zero power.

Convert Analog Signals into Battery Power

For the purpose of accomplishing really low power consumption desired for running a phone by harvesting energy from the environment, they had to fundamentally rethink how these devices are designed.

It is said that the team of UW computer scientists and electrical engineers had wiped out a power-hungry step in utmost current cellular transmissions converting analog signals which tend to convey sound into digital data which a phone can comprehend. This process tends to consume plenty of energy that has been difficult in designing a phone which could be dependent on ambient power sources.

The battery-free cellphone instead is inclined to take benefit of tiny vibrations in the microphone or speaker of the phone that takes place whenever a person seems to talk in a phone or listens to a call.

The components are linked to an antenna which tends to convert that motion into alterations in standard analog radio signal emitted through a cellular base station and this process is needed to encode speech patterns in reflected radio signals in a manner that utilises practically no power.  In order to convey speech, the phone is said to utilise vibrations from the microphone of the device to encode speech patterns in reproduced signals.

Convert Programmed Radio Signals – Sound Vibration

To obtain speech, it converts programmed radio signals to sound vibration which are picked up by the speaker of the phone. In the model device, the user presses a button in order to switch between these two `transmitting’ and `listening’ modes.

The team established that the prototype could perform basic phone functions in transmitting speech as well as data and receiving user input through buttons, by utilising regular components on printed circuit board. The researcher had been in a position of getting inward calls, dial out and place callers on hold with the battery-free phone by utilising Skype.

Faculty chief Joshua Smith professor in the Allen School as well as the UW’s Department of Electrical Engineering had commented that `the cellphone is the device they depend on presently and if there was one device you would want to be able to use without batteries, it is the cellphone.  The proof of concept we have developed is exciting presently and we think it could impact the daily devices in the near future’.

The team had designed a custom-based station for the purpose of transmitting and receiving the radio signals.  However the same technology possibly could be integrated into standard cellular network infrastructure or Wi-Fi routers which is now generally utilised in making calls.

Ambient Energy Sources for Battery

Co-author, Vamsi Talla, who had been a former UW electrical engineering doctoral student as well as Allen School research associate, had stated that `you could imagine in the future that all cell towers or Wi-Fi routers could come with our base station technology embedded in it. And if each household has a Wi-Fi router in it, they could get battery-free cellphone coverage everywhere’.

The battery-free phone tends to yet need a small volume of energy in order to perform some kind of processes.  The prototype tends to have a power budget of 3.5 microwatts. The researchers of UW had established how to yield this small quantity of energy from two dissimilar types of sources.

The battery-free phone model is said to operate on power got together from ambient radio signals, which has been transmitted by a base station up to about 31 feet away. The device was capable of communicating with a base station which had been 50 feet away by utilising power harvested from ambient light with a tiny solar cell which had been approximately the size of a grain of rice.

A lot of other battery-free technologies which tend to depend on ambient energy sources, such as the temperature sensors or an accelerometer, conserve power together with intermittent operations.

Streaming Video – Battery-Free Cellphone

They are said to take a reading and thereafter tend to `sleep’ for a minute or two when they have harvested adequate energy for performing the next task.  In contrast, a phone call is said to need the device for operation on a continuous basis for as long as the conversation seems to last.

Bryce Kellogg, co-author, a UW electrical engineering doctoral student had commented that one cannot say hello and wait for a minute for the phone to go to sleep and harvest adequate power to keep on transmitting which has been the biggest challenge.  The amount of power one can really collect from ambient radio or light is on the order of 1 or 10 microwatts.

Hence a real-time phone operation tends to be really hard in achieving without developing a completely new approach for transmitting and receiving speech. The research team then planned to aim on making some enhancement on the operating range as well as encrypting conversation on the battery-free phone, in order to make them safe and sound.

The team is said to be working on streaming video over a battery-free cellphone as well as make some additions of visual display feature to the phone utilising low-power E-link screens.

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15 ‘OK Google’ Commands You will Want to Try ASAP

15 ‘OK Google’ Commands You will Want to Try ASAP

15 Cool OK Google commands to try out

When Google launched its awesome digital assistant with the Pixel devices last year then it left everyone amazed by its sheer quality and functionality. However Google has brought a huge number of upgrade to the Assistant by infusing capability to control more number of devices as smart speakers, applications and others with new OK Google commands. Here are top 15 OK Google commands which you should try out with your Android or iPhone device.

  1. Play your favorite podcasts by simply asking the Google Assistant and you can even control the playback as well volume with your voice. Say, OK Google, Play’.
  2. Google can tell you jokes and it shouldn’t come as a surprise. Just say, OK Google, Tell Me a Joke’.
  3. Stay updated with latest news and headlines from all across the world by saying ‘OK Google, Tell Me the News’.
  4. If you missed a major game or wonders who won last night then you can get the sports news, score, schedules and even the team standing by simply asking the assistant. Say, OK Google, Did [Team Name] Win?’.
  5. One of the handiest features is the ability to set timers for wide array of tasks like cooking, painting, studying or anything else without even touching the phone. Simply say, OK Google, Set a Time for [state a task].
  6. If you love watching shows on your TV wither through Chromecast, Netflix or any other streaming service then this command will help a lot. Say OK Google, Play [Show name] on My TV.
  7. If you conscious about the calories intake then assistant will be of great help in finding the right amount by saying ‘OK Google, How Much Sugar is in a [Name of the food, meal or drink]’.
  8. For those who love to cook their meal then Google Assistant can help in providing the step by step guidance of the popular food dishes and cocktails. Simply say OK Google, Let’s Make [Food or Drink name].
  9. Shopping on ecommerce sites is based on clicks Google Assistant is set to empower you with voice controlled buying experience. Say OK Google, Buy [Product Name]’.
  10. If you are looking forward new language or to translate text or phrases from other languages then you can do it without the need of typing anything. Just say ‘OK Google, Translate [text or phrases].
  11. Getting up on right time might be a difficult task for some. Google Assistant is just trying to help those by making it easier to set alarms by simply saying ‘OK Google, Set an Alarm’.
  12. For those who dabble with the stocks then Google Assistant can play a key role in checking the stock prices instantly through voice. Simply say the command 0K Google, What’s the Stock Price of [Stock/Company name]’.
  13. Perform basic unit conversions by saying the command OK Google, How Many Cups in a Quart?’.
  14. If you have a smart home with smart lighting solutions then you can dim the lights by voice command. Say ‘0K Google, Dim the Living Room Lights’.
  15. If you are baffled by an unknown word then get to know the meaning by finding its definition as well as learn how to spell them correctly. Say 0K Google, What Does [word] Mean’.
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The Hidden Signs That Can Reveal Fake Photos

The Hidden Signs That Can Reveal Fake Photos

Fake Photos and Its Associated Troubles

The trouble regarding the doctored photos have been very common these days. The time has surpassed when one could solely rely on pictures. It has become imperative to judge the basis the pictures before deriving to a conclusion. Fake Photos are the most common phenomenon, which is taking place these days. There are certain software that can readily create fake photos, in a manner, in which you cannot figure out the authenticity of the photo.

BBC has projected an entire report on the incident of fake photos. In 2012, they published a guide book which depicted all the know-hows of a fake photo. Doctored images are a very ancient phenomenon. It showed its roots since the evolvement of photography.

A very famous nuisance of a fake photo that anybody can relate to is of the US President Abraham Lincoln’s portrait, in which his face is attached to the body of another politician. This composite picture the turned the whirlwind of doctored photos, and these days the field of photo editing and digital cameras has worsen the matter.

You must be thinking that what are the plausible ways of notifying a fake photo? Well, it is an undenying fact that, you cannot figure out that whether the picture is real or fake by just glancing at it once. If a photograph is taken in front of a mirror then you can easily judge its authenticity. You will find that in a fake photo the alignment being projected in the mirror is wrong, whereas, in an un-composite photograph the alignment would be absolutely the same.

Another way to figure out a doctored photo is suggested by several famous forensics. They have said that if one can figure out the source of light in the photograph then authenticity of the photograph is proved and if the situation is opposite then the truth is not what it seems like.

One more way is to check whether the shadow and the propagation of the source of light coincides with each other or not. If the shadow of the image does not match the source of light then undoubtedly the photograph is doctored. Thus, judging a photos authenticity is tough but not impossible. Yes it is difficult to judge the photograph in one shot, but these small and quick experiments can surely help you to delve out the reality of the picture.

With the enhancement of technology, creating duplicate or fake photos is no longer a tough task. Several software are available, but you can also test the integrity of the photo presented to you. If creating duplicates is easy then figuring them out is also is. So, never come to a conclusion by looking at a picture. Test the authenticity of the photograph and then take the decision as deceiving someone with the help of a fake photo is no longer, rather it has emerged as an art. So, think before you leap is the apt proverb to associate to in such situations.

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